Academic journal article International Review of Management and Business Research

Checking the Attitude of Faculty Members in the Application of Modern Educational Technologies and Educational Motivation of Postgraduate Students (Case Study: Islamic Azad University, West Guilan)

Academic journal article International Review of Management and Business Research

Checking the Attitude of Faculty Members in the Application of Modern Educational Technologies and Educational Motivation of Postgraduate Students (Case Study: Islamic Azad University, West Guilan)

Article excerpt

Introduction

Epistemological foundations of constructivism cause major change in the fundamentals of teaching and learning and consequently in the educational technology (Fardanesh, 1391). Information and communication technology (ICT)1 by providing access to learning and other educational elements, relevant learning opportunities and experiences, implemented the formation of virtual environments (Razavi, 1392). Higher education in terms of training the specialists in developing the society has a special role. Faculty members as the main forces in performing the obligations of higher education and participation in development and as education trainers and training the specialists of society have a special role. Using the technology in education is one of the important aspects of the development of information and communication technology, and it is counted as the radical changes in social, professional and educational human life of twenty-first century, which opened the new dimensions for educational institutions including schools and universities (Omoiee Milan Ghashghagh and et al., 1390). Universities and institutions of higher education are always looking for the best training methods in the academic affairs to train the students as spontaneous, active, interested and successful and having the satisfactory academic progress (Rastegar and et al, 1392). Academic achievement is one of the main criteria in examining the ability of students in order to finish college and reach the graduation. Identifying the factors that influence the students' progress, creates an appropriate approach for planning and developing and evolution of educational programs, thereby this could enable the best possible results both for the educational institution and for the students too (Sanai nasab and et al., 1391).

Theories of motivation are among the most important issues of organizational behavior which is used to explain the factors of human behavior's direction. From the educational perspective, motivation is structured in multilevel which is associated with learning and academic achievement (Seyed Javadin, 1381). So the main issue in the present study is checking the attitude of faculty members in the application of modern educational technologies and educational motivation of postgraduate students in the Islamic Azad University in west Gilan. This goal is pursued through the following hypotheses:

1. The attitude of faculty members in the application of modern educational technologies, with the role of mediation in reducing training costs which is effective on the postgraduate students' motivation.

2. The attitude of faculty members in the application of modern educational technologies, with the role of mediation in saving time, which is effective on the postgraduate students' motivation.

3. The attitude of faculty members in the application of modern educational technologies, with the role of mediation by increasing the learning opportunities which is effective on the postgraduate students' motivation.

4. The attitude of faculty members in the application of modern educational technologies, with the role of mediation in increasing academic success which is effective on the postgraduate students' motivation.

5. The attitude of faculty members in the application of modern educational technologies, with the role of mediation in instant access to information and resources which are effective on the postgraduate students' motivation.

Theoretical Foundations and Literature Review

The emergence of new theories of learning and teaching, paradigm shift from teacher-centered to learnercentered, and also the development of new communication tools provide the background for the modern age man to freed himself from the spatial and temporal barriers, by using the modern methods of teaching and learning, the modern age man in anywhere and any place can learn considering his own needs and demands. Since e-learning environments are independent of time and location, students' assessment and evaluation and their attitude to such environments is also a challenging problem (Pavlov and Pratt, translated by Salehi and Safavi - (1388)). …

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