Academic journal article International Review of Management and Business Research

Work - Family Conflicts in Apparel Industry of Sri Lanka

Academic journal article International Review of Management and Business Research

Work - Family Conflicts in Apparel Industry of Sri Lanka

Article excerpt

Introduction

The family is very small unit in every society and it is the base of the society itself. And it is contributed to develop culture and economy. Family can be defined as "a group consisting of two parents and their children living together as a unit" (The Concise Oxford Dictionary, 1999). As a person, everyone plays a vital role in their families. As an employee also plays a vital part in his/her office or factory. The part of human life is the work; it is defined in same Dictionary as "activity involving mental or physical effort done in order to achieve a result. The work - family conflicts have been identified as one of the issues propelling any society's damage in various aspects; social, cultural and economic. Administration o f the working place is committed to a sustainable development strategy. Protection of the social life of workers, maintenance of working environment and facilities, maximization of organizational economic benefits to the larger cross sections of the business. The Dictionary defines conflict as "a serious disagreement or argument". Further employee's health and performance are directly affected by work - family conflicts and inevitable result cannot be avoided from the employee functionalities in organization.

Work - family conflict can be explained as "a form of inter role conflict in which the role burdens from the work and family domains are mutually inappropriate in some traditions" (Fernando, 2011). According to Greenhaus & Beutell (1985), work-family conflict refers to conflicting role pressures between job and family that are incompatible so that participation in one role is made more difficult by virtue of participation in the other. Employee, an individual always identifies him with the roles he/she plays in each of these domains, and he/she is considered to be the most common and valuable roles. So, experience and outcome of work - family conflicts must be recognized for the work - family balance of employees.

There are many arguments and debate related to the work - family conflict in the world. Reflecting this debate in the field are the numerous theories, models, and hypotheses researchers have offered as explanations for these relationships. Few theories among the relationships have identified for the purpose of understanding the structure of work - family conflict. With the aid of different theories it can be noted that work - family conflict has a boundary and frame explaining the theories such as, (a). Work/Family Border Theory, (b). Role Theory, (c). The Spillover Theory, (d). The Compensation Theory, and (e). The Social Identity Theory (Fernando, 2011).

Significance of the Study

The term "apparel" can be defined as nonmetallic dress worn by humans. There are some sub categorizes in the apparel industry such as readymade, garment and cloth related wearing item as well as other nonmetallic (woolen, fiber, leather, plastic, pearl) wearing items; fiber or plastic helmet, leather - rubber different kind of wearing belt, pearl necklace and other wearing items, jerkin and rubber/plastic wearing dress etc......

In Sri Lanka has a prolonged history about the apparel industry. But 1977, after introducing open economy, the apparel industry developed rapidly. Especially the Board of Investment (BOI) was played a vital role for the purpose of developing the industry. Even now the apparel industry is important in some respects in community of Sri Lanka; the employment generation, the foreign exchange earnings, many job opportunities are prevailing for blue - collar employees, women found majority of jobs , and the apparel factories in the island wide, being the most important among them. Further, this distinguished feature has caused to absorb vast young vigor amounts of regionally distributed human resource. It has also benefited to achieve some provincial economic balance. Two hundred (200) garment factories programme, which have been launched by the Government (1992) as a part of its Rural Development Industrialization Program, has as its goal the alleviation of poverty in the rural areas through the creation of vast employment opportunities. …

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