Academic journal article Psychology in Russia

Psychological Culture of a Class Teacher as the Foundation of Modern Schoolchildren's Psychological Security

Academic journal article Psychology in Russia

Psychological Culture of a Class Teacher as the Foundation of Modern Schoolchildren's Psychological Security

Article excerpt

Today's socio-cultural situation is responsible for many examples of negative impact on the formation of personality traits that external factors make. This increases the need for social, psychological and physical security in otherwise unstable social situation. According to many psychological and sociological studies, large percentage of parents is concerned with their child's safety within the educational environment. Parents are concerned about the way their children feel at school, whether they are accepted, understood, positively regarded, respected and loved regardless of their academic success. But they are even more concerned about destructive effects of psychological or physical abuse and bullying their children get from their peers, older children, and, sometimes, teachers.

The analysis of several studies (G.V. Grachev, T.S. Kabachenko, I.A. Baeva) showed that the effectiveness of educational process depends on the psychological security of the educational environment. Psychologically safe educational environment actualizes personality's potential, and strengthens the ability to cope with life difficulties.

The works of many Russian psychologists present great interest in the light of the psychological security problem. Among them are K.A. Abulkhanova-Slavskaya, A.G. Asmolov, A.L. Zhuravlev, M.M. Kashapov, B.D. Parygin, V.V. Rubtsov, N.P. Fetiskin; theoretical studies of psychological safety of the subject are given in the works of I.A. Baeva, M.A. Kotik, V.M. Lvov, N.L. Shlykova; the characteristics of the psychology of educational environment are described in the works of I.A. Baeva, A.A. Rean, V.V. Rubtsov, E.A. Peskovky, S.G. Pleschits, D.I. Feldstein, G.P. Schedrovsky, V.A. Levin), and other. According to O.E. Lebedeva, the integral psychological safety indicator of the educational environment should be a feeling of emotional well-being shared by all participants of the educational process, which is a prerequisite of effective personal development of both teachers and schoolchildren.

In this connection the issue of psychological safety or a culture of one in interactions within an educational environment seems extremely important. The psychological culture stems from the culture of teaching and pedagogical interaction. It is the psychological culture that forms the essential professional qualities of teachers, and ensures efficiency of educational process.

According to a number of Russian researches on the problem of teacher's psychological literacy, it seems that the current system of psychological education doesn't aim at fostering psychological culture in teachers. The current practice of teacher's training focuses more on courses, and their content, so most of the class time is spent on learning practical disciplines. Considerably less time is devoted to psychological-pedagogical subjects, which does not instill important aspects of professional conduct into personality of future teachers.

It seems very important to study influence of teacher's psychological culture on schoolchildren's psychological safety. It seems even more important to define the alternative educational methods that would foster the development of future teachers' psychological culture. Currently, none of the teacher universities and colleges prepares a future teacher for assuming the position of a class teacher [1], which further widens the gap between a modern teacher's personal and professional qualities, and the requirements of class teacher duties.

Being a class teacher is a responsibility voluntarily assumed by teaches in addition to their main activity. A class teacher is the primary organizer of educational work in schools, and is officially appointed by the school principal to organize educational process of their class. A class teacher:

* mediates the society and the developing personalities of schoolchildren in their learning about the cultural foundations of humankind;

* manages relations between all elements of the educational process;

* creates optimal psychological climate in classrooms;

* coordinates joint efforts of teachers, family and society;

* organizes daily life of children, and is an important role-model in individual development of a child. …

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