Academic journal article Review of Artistic Education

Iulia Bucescu - Bases of Musical Teaching: Novelty - Originality - Creativity

Academic journal article Review of Artistic Education

Iulia Bucescu - Bases of Musical Teaching: Novelty - Originality - Creativity

Article excerpt

Abstract: Iulia Bucescu, professor at the University of Arts "George Enescu" Iasi, was one of the greatest educators of the Romanian musical education field. A remarkable personality of the academic musical life, Iulia Bucescu was renowned especially for her ars docendi, as she served the musical didactic skillfully, with a lot of passion, tenacity and knowledge. She was also a master of musical experiments, thus obtaining exceptional results with her disciples. Her methods, her own system of tools for the formation and improvement of musical skills, her mastership and educational experience find their relevance in the volumes of Music Theory, Solfeggio and Musical Dictation which are to be presented in this scientific paper.

Key words; Iulia Bucescu, didactic methods, theory of music, solfeggio, dictation

INTRODUCTION

The teaching line of Music Theory - Solfeggio - Dictation has a tremendous importance for the formation of future musicians, as it points toward the realization of several fundamental objectives, such as : the development of melodic, polyphonic and harmonic musical hearing, the development of memory, internal hearing, sense of rhythm (polyrhythmic), the proper solfeggio of different fragments from the universal literature (structured on stylistic coordinates), writing the melodic, polyphonic or harmonic dictations, and the analysis of musical language. Although in the last decades there were numerous treatises of Music Theory and practical works appeared in our country, a lot of them haven't completely proved their efficiency yet.

In the following, our approach aims to be a journey in the "laboratory" of didactical experiments of the remarkable professor lulia Bucescu, in order to convey her original methods and procedures, whichshe successfully applied to her pupils and students, during all her years of musical didactic activity.

During her didactic career in the music teaching at the university, lulia Bucescu was famous mainly through her ars docendi, as she served the musical didactic skillfully, with a lot of passion, tenacity and knowledge, experimenting and obtaining exceptional results with her disciples. Thus, she elaborated several practical works for Theory-Solfeggio-Musical dictation, a subject most cherished by her, "served" with a remarkable responsibility and exigency. The different levels of musical culture of her groups of students along the years determined her to deeply meditate upon the creation of new methods through which, within a relatively short lapse of time (three years), she could develop and improve the musical writing - reading skills, together with the capacity of aesthetic-stylistic analysis of different scores used in her classes.

1. CHRESTOMATHIES OF TEXTS FROM MUSICAL LITERATURE

The first volumes, written for the internal use, in collaboration with the university professor Adrian Diaconu, are grouped in chrestomathies of works from universal and Rroman musical literature, joint according to the analytical program of the course: School Solfeggios (Booklet I), Collection of modal and tonal-modal solfeggios (Booklet II), Collection of solfeggios. Examples from the Romanian contemporary musical literature (Booklet III) and Collection of solfeggios. Examples from the universal contemporary musical literature (Booklet IV).

In the debut volume, the musical examples cover a diverse stylistic area, from the Baroque era until the twentieth century, being systematized according to several objectives of acquiring specific knowledge about intonation and metric-rhythmic structures: solfeggios based on arpeggio, modulation, special rhythmic divisions, and solfeggios with a very difficult rhythm or with an alternative metric. The second volume introduces us to the modal and tonalmodal language of the twentieth century, through musical examples of several important Romanian composers (George Enescu, Achim Stoia, Ion Dumitrescu etc.) and teachers of Music Theory (loan Serfezi, Victor Giuleanu). …

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