Academic journal article IUP Journal of Soft Skills

A Study on the Relationship between Competitive State Anxiety and Shooting Accuracy of School Level Netball Shooters in Gampaha District, Sri Lanka

Academic journal article IUP Journal of Soft Skills

A Study on the Relationship between Competitive State Anxiety and Shooting Accuracy of School Level Netball Shooters in Gampaha District, Sri Lanka

Article excerpt

Introduction

Netball is a fast, skillful team game played mostly by females. In Sri Lanka, Netball is played at school, club, national and international levels. In Sri Lankan education system, health and physical education is a compulsory subject from Grade 6 to Grade 9. Netball is a major sport that is covered in Physical Education curriculum and schools are expected to select and train their own net ball teams.

In netball, each team attempts to score as many goals as possible while preventing other team or opponents from scoring. A net ball team consists of seven players per team. However, only two players could score goals in one team, namely as Goal Attack (GA) and Goal Shooter (GS). It does not matter how well the other players of the team are getting the ball to the shooters, if they do not shoot they will not win. So shooting accuracy is important to measure shooters' performance. Although shooting is an automatic, well-sequenced skill, it may be affected by the feelings, emotions and anxiety before, during and after training or competition.

According to the Lundqvist (2006), the nature of sport competition is a powerful stressor, and stress is an imbalance between the demands of the situation encountered by an individual and the perceived ability to cope with or adjust to the demands. One of the various stress responses is anxiety. While anxiety can result in significant performance decrements among athletes, some athletes also say that they manage to perform well, sometimes even giving their best performances ever, when competing under intense anxiety, inducing pressure (Lundqvist, 2006). Over 40 years of research suggests that anxiety and sports performance are rather complex area. The study of anxiety comes under the mainstream of psychology and there are many theoretical perspectives that describe the nature of anxiety and sports performance.

Anxiety is a negative emotional state in which feelings of nervousness, worry, and apprehension are associated with activation or arousal of the body (Weinberg and Gould, 2007). Anxiety is made up of mental (cognitive) and physiological (somatic) components. Sports psychological research has found that performance alteration in training and competition mainly happened due to the anxiety experienced by the athlete, especially in competitive situations. CSA is major factor that influences the psychological state of the athletes and it is directly associated with the athletes' performance in the competition. CSA is a temporary, ever-changing emotional state of subjective, consciously perceived feelings of apprehension and tension, associated with activation of the autonomic nervous system (Weinberg and Gould, 2007). CSA is made up of cognitive state anxiety and somatic state anxiety. Cognitive state anxiety is moment-to-moment changes in mental components, like worries and negative thoughts. Somatic state anxiety is moment-to-moment changes in physiological components, like heart rate and blood pressure.

This study investigates the relationship between CSA level and shooting accuracy of Netball shooters, and the finding of this research would help to verify whether CSA affects the performance of Netball shooters.

Objectives

* To find the relationship between CSA level and shooting accuracy of Gampaha district school level Netball shooters.

* To find the differences between CSA and shooting accuracy of Goal Shooters (GS) and Goal Attackers (GA).

* To find the differences between CSA and shooting accuracy of different age groups.

Data and Methodology

Thirty students (N = 30), who are also netball shooters, in the age group of 14 to 18 were randomly selected from the Gampaha and Negombo Zonal Netball Tournament. This sample consisted of fifteen (N = 15) Goal Attackers (GA) and fifteen (N = 15) Goal Shooters (GS). Under 15, 17 and 19 age groups had 10 individuals (N = 10) each.

To measure CSA, a questionnaire of Competitive State Anxiety Inventory- II (CSAI-II), (Martens et al. …

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