Academic journal article Journal of Political Studies

Impacts of Globalization on Human Rights

Academic journal article Journal of Political Studies

Impacts of Globalization on Human Rights

Article excerpt


In definitional context, globalization is the trend to a single, interdependent, and integrated world. Globalization in the20th century emerged with the linking of nations and people around the world through transportation. Fast and efficient global transportation made possible bringing exotic fruits from warm countries to colder countries and producing goods in one country using raw materials imported from thousands of miles away. It brought cars and electronics from Asia to Europe and the Americas. It also sent American software, films, and music to Asia, Europe, and Latin America. Globalization can also be thought of as a process of integration and internationalization.

In the twenty-first century the speed of communications by telephone and the Internet has accelerated the process of globalization. Another definition of globalization calls it an ensemble of developments that make the world a single place, changing the meaning and importance of distance and national identity in world affairs. This means that the positive and negative effects of bad news spread almost instantaneously. As the planes hit the World Trade Center towers on

September 11, 2001, American stock exchanges dropped and closed, causing tremors that resounded in European and Asian stock exchanges as soon as they opened a few hours later.

Materials and Methodology

Qualitative approach is the basic thrust in this study, moreover co relational approach has also been adopted as impacts of globalization on human rights is the central theme of the study. First of all related literature has been reviewed to rationalize the studied topic. Secondly Phenomenon of globalization has been tackled in the context equation of this study and concept of human rights has been elaborated to fit in this article. Then impacts of globalization on human rights have been analyzed.

Significance of Human Rights

Human rights are a set of universal claims to safeguard human dignity from illegitimate coercion, typically enacted by state agents. The UN's inability to step into conflicts affects human rights around the world. The United Nations Charter guarantees human rights to every man, woman, and child regardless of nationality, religion, or race. If the UN is often powerless because strong lobbies form among member nations who are not necessarily interested in human rights, it follows that the UN often can't do much more than talk about human rights. United States still have to explain the invasion of Iraq in 2003, and the validity of the American intervention is still being debated by people in the United States and around the world. How do you protect the citizen of a democracy whose human rights are violated outside his own country by a nondemocratic country? For example, some Chinese-Americans who live permanently in the United States have been imprisoned in China for alleged crimes such as publishing criticism of the Chinese government. In such cases, the U.S. government uses quiet diplomacy, a process that may take years. Because no administration is willing to risk the important trade relationship with China, the American citizen may languish in prison for some time until the Chinese decide that release makes sense. Certainly the U.S. government or any government in a similar position deplores the way its citizen is being treated, but unless it is ready to take drastic measures, including war to protect its own citizen. It may take the case to the UN where a resolution might be passed, but unless someone is willing to put "teeth" into it perhaps freezing the offending country's accounts in international banks or denying an international loan there is no way for that citizen's own country to protect him. In democracies, human rights are guaranteed by constitutions and laws. They are protected by elected governments that may sometimes stray into abuses of human rights for example, under the fear of terrorism and by judicial systems that are usually protected from interference by legislative or administrative bodies. …

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