Academic journal article International Journal of Education and Management Studies

The Reconstruction of Life Skills Education Views in Relation to Character Education for Human Resource Development in Indonesia's Creative Industry

Academic journal article International Journal of Education and Management Studies

The Reconstruction of Life Skills Education Views in Relation to Character Education for Human Resource Development in Indonesia's Creative Industry

Article excerpt

SThc era of globalization is marked by the free market that detaches the nations' borders and integrates these borders into the regulations of the international market. Globalization unlocks opportunities for the developing countries to pursue development and prosperity through capital investments from the developed countries. On the other hand, for the developed countries, investment is necessaiy in order to accumulate wealthy and preserve capital. It is this opportunity that has turned into great competition of the world political economy.

Globalization as an economic activity does not only talk of capital and investment, but also focuses on the challenges faced by the labor market. It therefore, unlocks opportunities for all the people to compete based on the individual qualities (or individual merit). The labor market looks at the human resource as something vital for the economic development of a country. It is through qualified human resource that economic prosperity and development may be achieved.

General Life Skills basically emphasizes on the development of psychosocial capabilities, such as: (a) familiarize the learning participants to the real life in their environment; (b) foster an awareness towards life values/meanings including the one toward the importance of having healthy life and protective power toward deviant behaviors; (c) embed a mastery of vocational skills; (d) accelerate creativity; (e) develop social roles; and (f) develop self-confidence, responsibility and discipline.

Civic education in the context of creating a good and smart citizen with character is inherently an integral part of the educational system that appears in the five forms, which are:

As subject and school curriculum; General courses for higher and private education; as one of the branches of social science; as political education program; and lastly, as a conceptual framework developed by experts (Winataputra, 2001:1 -2).

To face the challenges of globalization, the vision of civic education in Indonesia has to be restructured conceptually. Because communities not only require the transmission of values and theories, civic education has to embrace practical issues inline with the people's daily life. This means that all fields of knowledge have gone transfonnation (in that theoretical facts are no longer enough), but they should be followed with practical and social abilities of the people.

One of the alternative approaches to overcome global economic challenges and also a measure to prevent social frustrations of unemployment is the development of the creative industry. Indonesia's Ministiy of Trade states that "a creative industry is an industry that originates from the applicability of creativity, skills and also individual talents that can lead o prosperity and job creation by generating and exploiting skills of creativity and the power of creativeness of an individual." Hawkins in Husodo describes a creative economy as economic activities comprising of input and output of ideas (Husodo, 2004: 17). The development of a creative industry is hope to new jobs which in turn can absorb the increasing and excessive manpower of a country.

Some of the countries in East Asia which have been able to create a fastest growing climate of creative industries are South Korea and Japan. These two countries have managed to develop products based on creativity supported by innovation, scientific findings and high quality technology. A survey carried out in South Korea found out that manufacturing sector if compared to that of design, requires limited investment and a shorter period of time to develop. On average, companies in South Korea spend 400 million won (US$ 429 thousand) to develop new technology, while on the on hand projects related to design on average require only 20 times more cheaper capital to invest (around US$ 21,5 thousands); time for production, and distribution including marketing needs only 9 months (http//:joogangdaily. …

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.