Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Motivational Goals Orientation in Physical Education Classes of Elementary Education

Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Motivational Goals Orientation in Physical Education Classes of Elementary Education

Article excerpt

Introduction

It seems to be a reigning opinion that the incentives for people tends to influence them in the option, in the direction and outcome that the developed task can follow, that is the kind of activity in which people are engaged preliminary, should come to the option of meeting and the individual will, which should arouse interest so that they follow in pursuit of the desired success.

In recent decades we have seen grow in the sports sphere in most countries and also in Brazil, studies and interventions in relation to the guidelines of the psychological aspects of athletes from different modalities, aiming to increase the emotional control and improve performance. With this, think the motivation in the current context of sport and physical education is required for the perception of the meaning of the sports and the practice, and glimpsing the different individual achievement reasons that athletes have to practice detailed arrangements. Weiten (2008) defines the motive of realization as the need to overcome great challenges to overcome others and achieve higher excellence standards.

Murray (1983) confirms this thought by stating that the motivation for conducting this rooted in the need to be successful, that is, to complete tasks most effectively than the others and to master challenging activities, so the motivation drives to regulate self-satisfaction and realize the own potential (Huffman et al., 2003).

Hirota et al. (2012) emphasize that environmental factors, along with the momentary situation and the mood state, influence each person to perform or not a particular action. Taking as its starting point the activity, the person's behavior becomes a consequence of this.

In this way, identifying the type of motivational orientation is required in physical education classes, this environment of wide heterogeneity and diversity, thus seeking to facilitate the learning and participation of most students, allowing the encounter with the expectation of success, or goal of motivational orientation task (Winterstein, 2002; Duda, 1992).

Therefore Huffman et al. (2003) defines motivation for it as need for success, to do better than others in activities and complete challenging assignments; the desire to overcome, especially when competing with others. As regards the increase or decrease the chances of success or expectation of success, these resources are, in a way, directly influenced by the motor skills previously acquired. Therefore, the more trained athlete is, the greater the tendency to increase the orientation task, thus expanding your self-knowledge and mastery in the skills you already have or are under construction.

According to Nicholls (1989) the variation in achieve achievement of the people correspond to variations in their way of understanding the contexts that surround them in particular regarding the meaning and function of their performance of activities, so thoughts and the actions of people in certain activities are rational expressions of their individual achievement goals, so the cognitive orientations of individuals in relation to a particular activity, influence their motivation for that activity. The goal of task independently racing level of perception, assumes choice of tasks moderately challenging, interest is inherent in the activity, performance sustained by the persistence and, focusing on the maintenance effort (Duda, 1992).

Therefore, Bock et al. (1995) state that for the study of motivation must consider three types of variables: the environment, the internal forces to the individual, as a necessity, instinct and the object that attracts the individual, the fact, this is a source of satisfaction of inner strength that mobilizes.

Thereupon the aim of this study was to test an instrument of motivation for assessing the motivational goal orientation, highlighting the auditing procedures of motivational goals, which can be task orientation or ego orientation in school physical education classes in elementary school II, by therefore checking the reliability of the instrument, even identifying possible differences between genders, classes and schools. …

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