Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Expediency of Health Fitness and Shaping Programs Implementation on Physical Education Classes for Girls' High School Age

Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Expediency of Health Fitness and Shaping Programs Implementation on Physical Education Classes for Girls' High School Age

Article excerpt


In Ukraine physical education of students is an integral and essential part of all educational work. Physical education should play an important role in preparing fully-developed personality because young man brings out of school theoretical knowledge and skills that are important for the future life.

Nowadays important problems of social development are preservation of the nation gene pool, the formation of healthy younger generation and training children, adolescents and youth to the full independent life. (O. V. Andreyeva, 2002; G. V. Bezverkhnya, 2004). At school age the foundations of health have been laid. However the current critical situation of health in Ukrainian population has also affected the students. A big part of the Ukrainian students have variations in health status. Only 20% of school age children can be considered as healthy (T. Y. Krutsevych & G. V. Bezverkhnya, 2010). 5-6% of first classes children are included to special medical group and in high school it is included every third student (T. Y. Krutsevych, 2006). It is spread various diseases of the musculoskeletal system, cardiovascular system, respiratory system, nervous system among children of primary school (V. Zemtsova 2006; V. A. Kashuba & Ziad Nasrallah, 2008; V. P. Nedilko, 2008).

The health of high school girls causes a particular anxiety. It could be caused by lack of physical activity, nervous stress which is associated with the necessity of mastering and processing large amount of information by students during studying at school.

It is well known that effective physical education can largely positively affect the health, the level of efficiency and even professional future of students (R.V. Erl & T.R. Bekhl, 2012).

However, results of scientific researches shows that high level of physical activity including regular physical culture and sport is characteristic of 10-15% of current students' population. The amount of physical activity is much lower than age limits for the majority of schoolchildren. Their physical activity is at the adults' level of 32-55 years (T. Y. Krutsevych, 2000). There are a lot of researches concerning the problem of reducing students' physical activity (V. A. Shapovalova, 1999; V. S. Dobrynskyy, 1999; T. Y. Krutsevych, 2000; M. M. Bezrukykh, M. F. Kyselev, G. D. Komarov, A. P. Kozlov, 2000; T. I. Suvorova, 2003). One of the reasons of reducing physical activity the experts mention not only insufficient of school physical education classes but also the reducing of interest in their traditional sense. In particular A. Ohnystyy and M. Medynskyy (2000) emphasize that the reason for the low motivation of students to physical education classes is lack of choice of classes form, their dissatisfaction with the traditional content of school physical education. That is why, according to B. Shyyan for optimal solution of all problems concerning physical education we should practice various forms of classes, provide sports and recreational activities in daily routine at school that mean to use that forms which give the highest effect according to specific conditions.

The current training program of 2 classes (45 min each) physical education per week does not provide the required amount of students' physical activity (T. Y. Krutsevych, 2000). It is confirmed that reducing trend of physical activity level in age especially girls. It is linked to the fact that high school girls do not show significant interest to physical exercises. They are not interested in forms and methods of physical education that are used in the classes today. It caused to reducing in motivation to any physical activity classes.

To our mind, low interest to physical education is caused above all by lack of organizational and methodological, logistical support of educational process, deficiencies in organization of physical education at school, underestimation of importance of this area by teachers of physical education and school administration (U. …

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