Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Social Workers Tolerance and Its Development at University Refresher Course

Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Social Workers Tolerance and Its Development at University Refresher Course

Article excerpt

Abstract

In modern Russia to the vocational education system, is to develop in higher education and training institutions set of conditions for the development of tolerance as an important characteristic of the individual experts socio-pedagogical profile. Manifestations of tolerance as an important characteristic of social workers (professionals working in children's homes, social shelters, centers for social assistance to families and children, geriatric centers in Moscow) with a different experience of employment (from 1 to 18 years) were studied by the authors in the course of fifteen years using valid diagnostic techniques. Identified the relationship of tolerance development social workers with their individually-typological properties and age and gender characteristics of the individual. The article describes the characteristics of the authors developed an individual style manifestation of tolerance: synergy, effectively adaptive, selective.

Keywords: social worker, professional development, professional qualities specialist, tolerance

1. Introduction

Requirements for professional quality tolerant social educator enshrined in the International Code of ethics and professional social worker, the moral code of the Association of social workers and social workers in Russia, members of the professional code of the Interregional Association of Russian social services, as well as professional qualification characteristics of "social worker", approved by the Ministry of Labour Russia, as well as in professiogram "social worker", who developed scientific researchers (Mardahaev, 2002; Bamford, 1990; Payne, 1999; Asquith, Clark, & Waterhouse, 2005).

Study of the problem of manifestation of tolerance in professional activities of practicing social workers require access to the scientific works of Russian and foreign teachers and psychologists who have studied the tolerance as an important characteristic of professionals working in the system "man - the man" (Asmolov & Soldatova, 2001; Bondyreva & Kolesov, 2003; Bim-Bad, 1994; Markova, 1998; Avery, 2002; Cameron & Moss, 2011; Bisman, 2004). In these studies, the scientists proved the objective necessity of formation in the social teacher tolerance. This fact is connected with the fact that the individual behavioral and sociocultural characteristics of clients of social educator may be unusual for him. Social educator, being in contact with customers, unwittingly immersed in a specific "heavy" emotional background, peculiar "people with social problems". Near the specialist may arise anxiety, pessimism, aggressiveness. In such circumstances, the work load increases manifestations of tolerance.

After analyzing the different approaches to the interpretation of the concept of "tolerance" (Mendus, 1989; Horton & Nicholson, 1992; Galeotti, 2002; McKinnon, 2006; Asmolov & Soldatova, 2001; Oberdiek, 2001; Bondyreva & Kolesov, 2003) we have developed the author's definition of this category as an important characteristic of the social teacher. Tolerance is a social educator integrative and personal formation (as a socio-psychological phenomenon), which reflects the internal installation specialist to adopt "other I" appears in the implementation of the regulatory role models of professional and ethical conduct situational specialist, as well as in the methods of social interaction syntonic teacher with the subjects personality-business communications (Nikitina & Tolstikova, 2002). Tolerance is characterized by social teacher understanding and acceptance of the individual identity of another person, in the absence of categorical assessment of people, tolerance to physical and psychological discomfort partner, the ability to take into account the peculiarities of character, habits, and attitudes of others, demonstrating the possibility of finding common ground (cooperation) in all situations.

The composition of tolerance as a psychological phenomenon include: a) the orientation of the individual as its system of values and attitudes, which can be attributed to the motivational sphere; b) emotional, psychobiological (sensory) components, c) intellectual and characterological components (Nikitina & Tolstikova, 2011). …

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