Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Planning for Ex-Landfill Redevelopment: Assessing What Community Have in Mind

Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Planning for Ex-Landfill Redevelopment: Assessing What Community Have in Mind

Article excerpt

Abstract

Malaysia, a fast growing developing country is now facing the issue of inadequate urban spaces for future development, which leads to the need to redevelop the brownfield, particularly ex-landfills. A total of 296 ex-landfills have been planned to undergo redevelopment by the year 2020. Although there is a policy for ex-landfill development, a question arises if the policy reflects the needs of the society as the end-recipient that determines the success of the planned development. Therefore, this study was carried out to assess what the community has in mind as a way to identify the community needs in ensuring the success of the future development of ex-landfill. Based on the objectives to identify the perceptions of the community on (i) ex-landfill issues, (ii) the appropriate type of re-development for the ex-landfills, and (iii) the function of the public park in ex-landfills, which have been the main priority of the development type considered by the government, this study produced a priority ranking result that could assist the urban administrator or specifically the Local Authorities in Malaysia to plan an effective and an acceptable development of the ex-landfill for the benefits of current and future communities.

Keywords: brownfield, ex-landfill redevelopment, development policy, community needs, efficient planning

1. Introduction

Changing of urban space, scarcity of the greenfield areas for future development and the increasing number of the urban population are all the reasons behind the need to redevelop brownfield for the benefits of the economy, social and environment (Heberle & Werstedt, 2006; Adam et al., 2010). As an emerging developing country in the South East Asia with the rate of urbanization surpassing 70% (Liu, 2013) and two-thirds from its population are urban dwellers (UNDP Malaysia, 2012), the need to redevelop brownfield areas has been mentioned specifically in its developmental policy - the National Urban Policy (Department of Town and Country Planning Peninsular Malaysia, 2010). As the policy is specifically designed to drive Malaysia towards the implementation of urban development, National Urban Policy has urged the need for the Local Authorities, which are the authoritative administrators in Malaysia, to identify, plan, prepare the development programme, and redevelop the brownfield within the urban areas.

With regards to that matter, this study gave special attention to Category B Brownfield in the Malaysian development context, which is ex-landfill. The increased number of ex-landfill sites within the vicinity of urban areas and mainly at the urban residential areas due to the impact of urbanization process and urban sprawl that have caused the expansion of urban area, urged the redevelopment of ex-landfill to be included in Malaysia's physical planning development in 2004 (Ministry of Housing and Local Government, 2004; National Physical Planning Council, 2004). This highlights the importance of ex-landfill redevelopment in the context of sustainable urban development in Malaysia. On the other hand, due to the fact that until now no journal article has been published regarding the concerns of the Malaysian community to this area, a question arises whether the needs of the community have been taken into account?

Thus, this study was aimed to function as a background study to identify the need for ex-landfill redevelopment based on the community's thoughts or perception. Three objectives were formed: (i) to identify the perceptions of the community on the issues of ex-landfill that influence their acceptance on any recommendation to redevelop the ex-landfill, (ii) to identify the perceptions of the community on the appropriateness of the type of ex-landfill redevelopment, and (iii) to identify the function of the development of public park on the ex-landfill according to the community needs and priorities. Through the achievement of all the three objectives, it is hoped that this study would be able to assist the government, especially the Local Authories, to formulate a planning strategy for ex-landfill development that is able to address the concerns expressed by the community. …

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