Academic journal article Journal of Sustainable Development

Generations in Historical Science: The Hvostovs Dynasty

Academic journal article Journal of Sustainable Development

Generations in Historical Science: The Hvostovs Dynasty

Article excerpt

Abstract

The thematic justification of the researched problem comes from the need to identify a family basis, linking generations from parents to children transmitting not only traditions and eternal values, but also scientific knowledge, particularly when this knowledge is not simply accepted and perceived, but also implemented professionally, including as a continuation of the life of older generations. The purpose of the article is to examine and catalogue the materials about the Hvostovs Russian dynasty of historians. They are: a leading historian of antiquity at the beginning of the 20th century Mikhail Mikhailovich Hvostov (1872-1920), his son, a prominent Soviet historian of international relations and foreign policy of Russia, academician Vladimir Mikhailovich Hvostov (1905-1972) and his daughter, the doctor of historical sciences, a leading scientific employee of the Institute of world history, Russian Academy of Sciences, the head of the "Problems of historical cognition" center Ksenia Vladimirovna Hvostova. The main method of investigation is a widely spread historical-comparative method that provides historical comparisons, contrasts, and setting parallels. This method realizes an opportunity to study the historical facts as in close connection with the historic setting where they were originated and are still valid, so in qualitative changes at different stages of development. An important role in the direction of the analysis on the nature of the problem realization requires using the elements of system-structural analysis. This article presents the results indicating conservation and development of scientific traditions in four generations of the Hvostovs dynasty of historians showing the sustained development of historical knowledge in Russia in the XIX-the XX-XXI centuries. The results and materials of the article may be useful in studying and popularisation of scientific contribution of the historians dynasties to the development of the world and national historical science.

Keywords: Dynasty, historiography, methodology, antiquity, international relations, foreign policy, civilization

1. Introduction

In modern historical science researchers are increasingly interested in the generations' representatives of scientific culture, accordingly, their biographies, and therefore derive interest in creative personality, interpersonal relations and consequently the genre of intellectual biographies of historians appears (Repin, 2001). In the national science study, there is an experience of exploring the generational dynasties of chemists, mathematicians, physicists, writers, educators (Watermelons, 1971; Chukovskaya, 2007; Baksht, 2014), but obviously, there are not enough researches about the dynasties of historians. In this regard, national the Hvostovs dynasty of historians, whose scientific activity lasts for more than 170 years, is rather significant. It starts with Mikhail Nikiforovich Hvostov (1818-1874), father of the future historian of antiquity M.M. Hvostov. M.N. Hvostov graduated from law faculty of the Moscow State University, worked as a teacher of history and geography in Kazan, and then worked as an Assistant Prosecutor in Sevastopol. Law and historical spirit hovered in the Hvostovs' home, so it is not accidentally that a scientific dynasty of this family became the dynasty of historians of three generations. According to paradigm proposed by L. P. Repina talking about reconciling traditions of socio-intellectual and personal history in a particular subject field that the scientist defines as "the history of historiography in the human dimension» (Repina, 2001). The Study of scientific dynasties is associated with chronology and archival science, including the public, private or home archive. In connection with the subject of this study, it becomes a major task to accomplish the goal. Because the personal archive of M.M. Hvostov at the national archives of the Republic of Tatarstan (TATARSTAN) is researched quite well (Shofman, 1979; Matveeva, 1970), but the personal archive of V. …

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