Academic journal article Journal of Sustainable Development

The Socio-Economic Value of Sports: Strengthening Social Capital through Football

Academic journal article Journal of Sustainable Development

The Socio-Economic Value of Sports: Strengthening Social Capital through Football

Article excerpt

Abstract

This study aims to: examine the aspect of social capital in sports; examine the contribution of sport in strengthening social capital; examine the use of sport as a place for individual development and also to examine the process of internalization and socialization of social capital on the individual players. It is a descriptive study. The qualitative method is used since the paper describes the social interaction patterns in football. In collecting the data, the researcher has acted as the major research tool. The data collected include: (1) symptoms of social interaction in sports which consist of social contact, communication, and forms of social interaction, (2) the indication of social capital in football, and (3) implications of football to the individual development of the players. The data consists of both the primary and secondary data. Regarding the techniques used in collecting the data, this study uses the review of documents, interviews, and observations. The data obtained, has been analyzed qualitatively. The results show that sport contributes to the strengthening of social capital. It strengthens cooperation and working together, improves social networks, personal qualities as individuals and society. The functions of the football promote features of social capital.

Keywords: socio-economic, sports values, sports, social capital, and football

1. Introduction

1.1 Introduce the Problem

Nowadays, society condition reflects unfavorable situation which impact on the social unity, cohesion, solidarity, and order of things. The present patterns in people's behavior within society, demonstrate social dysfunction. It tends to be disintegrated and weakens the social network. This can be seen from anarchic behavior, conflicts, unhealthy competition, unproductive attitudes, subjectiveness, and unpatterned social networks.

However, in regard to the above, there are two main points which became the basis of this study on football viewed from a social capital perspective. These points were: (1) the society condition which reflects a social capital deficiency, and (2) the understanding of football as a social phenomenon and its explanation from the sociological perspective.

Various factors have prompted the weakening of social capital. One of them is the present situation which has led to the formation of negative socio-cultural patterns. Hasbullah (2006), Firth (1966) and Parkinson (1967) have expressed that studies conducted in the mid and the late 1960's established similar results regarding the Malay (or Indonesian) culture. They found that people of Malay (Indonesian) culture or background were uninventive or uninnovative. Besides, the people of this culture are quickly satisfied with the achievement of simple needs; are wasteful, and love depending on others. They tend to envy with one's success and have weak work ethics. This is in line with Ni'am (2008) who asserts that destructive social phenomenon (e.g polarization, fragmentation, systemic stratification, and disintegration) can arise violent and anti-integrative behavior which eventually create social alienation and egocentrism.

Social relations do not have definite space between tradition, trust, high empathy, and openness to the new value. Social situation developed in each local culture tends to hinder the adaptation of new values which is positive.

Relating to the network, cooperation network cannot solve the society problem, such as poverty, underdevelopment, inequality, and unemployment. As a result, there is apathies behavior. It even causes dominated behavior from those who dominate economics and politics aspect to marginal society. Regarding this, Lickona (1992) and Hasbullah (2006) state that some destructive phenomenon cause unstable social condition. Another factor stays on the policy in managing human resources and human capital that ignore social capital aspect. The management, in this case, does not focus on the benefit of cooperation network, constructive relationship, and mutual trust relation among the society components. …

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