Academic journal article Journal of Sustainable Development

History and Social Sciences Teacher's Professional Activity in the Context of IT-Development of Education

Academic journal article Journal of Sustainable Development

History and Social Sciences Teacher's Professional Activity in the Context of IT-Development of Education

Article excerpt

Abstract

The urgency of a studied problem is caused by requirements of a federal state educational standard of the general education assuming a new approach to the development of a lesson in the conditions of the modern information-educational environment. In this regard it is necessary for a teacher to seize appropriate technology of preparation of a lesson. The article is aimed at the analysis of didactic characteristics and possibilities of the information-educational environment by means of which it is possible to build effectively the educational process in new conditions. The leading approach to the research of this problem was system-activity approach, which allows realizing the principles of designing a lesson in the information-educational environment, being an important tool of the analysis of planned educational results. The article disclosed the role, presented the content and revealed the features of professional activity of the teacher in the conditions of informatization of education and also emphasized their influence on the achievement of planned educational results. The materials of the article can be useful to teachers of history and social science while designing a lesson in the information-educational environment, at definition and analysis of planned educational results, selection of types of the educational activity corresponding to planned educational results and selection of tutorials for realization of these types of educational activity.

Keywords: information-educational environment of a lesson, organizational structure of training, planned educational results, educational technologies, info-communicative technologies of training

1. Introduction

The main factors influencing the development of education today are the turn to the identity of trainees (personality development - the sense and purpose of modern education) and globalization processes. These requirements are connected with the change of the ideas of the essence of personal readiness to perform professional functions and social roles. The introduction of new federal state educational standards providing conditions for preparation of the personality, capable of life in changing social and economic conditions (Novikov, 2005) became the consequence of these changes.

It is important to understand that the traditional process of training at school, undoubtedly, yielded educational results, but those results were demanded by former society with its values and ideals. New educational results can be received only in the conditions of training in the information-educational environment providing information and methodical conditions of realization of an educational program.

According to educational standards of the general education the information-educational environment of educational institution should contain a complex of information-educational resources, including digital educational resources, a set of technological means of information and communication technologies, a system of modern pedagogical technologies providing training in the modern information-educational environment (Chernobay, 2011.).

An educational process in the information-educational environment at lessons of history and social science, based on the use of means of info-communicative technologies, in comparison with traditional process of training allows:

- increasing possibilities of the choice of means, forms and rate of studying of educational areas;

- providing access to various information from the best libraries, museums; giving a chance to listen to lectures of leading scientists and asking them questions, taking part in work of virtual schools;

- raising the interest of pupils to studied subjects with the help of presentation, entertaining, interactive form of presentation of a training material, strengthening of inter-subject connections;

- increasing motivation to independent training, development of critical thinking;

- using mutual training methods (discussion of educational problems at forums, in chats, operative obtaining helps) more actively;

- developing an educational initiative, abilities and interests of pupils;

- creating installation for continuous life-long education (Selevko, 1998). …

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