Academic journal article International Education Studies

Problems and Outlooks of International Integration of Higher Education

Academic journal article International Education Studies

Problems and Outlooks of International Integration of Higher Education

Article excerpt

Abstract

The aim of the study was to identify the major trends related to increasing the role of science in production and society. After the completion of the study it was able to determine the enrollment level for high school graduates into higher education institutions in different countries. It was concluded that the internationalization of a higher education acquires the features of a new stage-integration, as evidenced by the appearance of the appropriate political and legal superstructure integration complex. There were considered systemic symptoms of the world system of higher education. International cooperation is a powerful tool for the world of higher education. It is designed to address a number of urgent tasks. It was concluded that competition between values and models of public, state and social and economic development is one of the key trends of the new millennium. There were determined the tasks of the International Federation of Social Workers which promote international integration of higher education. It was concluded that there was an appearance of new internationalization forms which characterized by cross-border mobility of universities or their curriculums. Program mobility includes distance learning courses offered by foreign universities or joint courses and programs. Mobility of the universities involves opening foreign universities campuses by universities or an establishment of an entirely new institution of the higher education university which shall attract capital of foreign university. Today one can watch the fourth wave of "internationalization of the higher education" which is a reflection of contemporary processes of globalization and internationalization of the economy and society. The internationalization of the higher education is an objective and dynamically developing process. According to many scientists and educationalists of the higher school the internationalization of the higher education acquires the features of a new stage which is integration as evidenced by the appearance of the appropriate political and legal superstructure integration complex.

Keywords: education, science, integration, international cooperation, financing

1. Introduction

The higher education is the most important social institute which is functioning to meet social demands therefore it rapidly acts on every social changes and processes. A growth of international openness of national cultures and main global trends in human civilization development are uniquely interfered into educational system. Namely, world economic relations, which are constantly branching and acquiring more and more diversified content, are forming a demand in universal professional community who receive their special professional education in national universities. This leads to the fact that the content of national systems of the higher education strives to the so-called "global standards" which are set by global science and technology.

The primary trend which is related to the growth of a science role in industries and society is the enlargement of the higher education scopes.

The higher education becomes more mass. The level of enrollment into higher education organizations in different countries was about average 60 per cent and 84 per cent in North America. There is a boost in a number of undergraduates. Whereas a number of undergraduates in 1960 were 13 million people according to the UNESCO information, it increased almost sevenfold in 1997 with 88.2 million totals (UNESCO, 2000, p. 116).

Another important trend, which has been developing since the second half of the 20th century particularly fast, is a diversification of the higher education into institutional forms, levels and content. A role of a conventional university has not decreased only, but grew as well within the conditions of a developing diversification of educational bodies which give knowledge and skills in the sphere of brainwork. …

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