Academic journal article IUP Journal of Soft Skills

Acquisition of Corporate Employability Skills: A Study with Reference to Engineering Graduates

Academic journal article IUP Journal of Soft Skills

Acquisition of Corporate Employability Skills: A Study with Reference to Engineering Graduates

Article excerpt

Introduction

Skill set development as a process involves students, faculties, corporate and support from the government (NASSCOM, 2009). Employability skills development process is a perfect blend of technical and generic skills which helps students to get their dream jobs. The employable skills expected by recruiters among budding engineers are training needs, personal traits, academic skills, communication skills, soft skills, corporate skills, technical skills, job-seeking skills, and finally schooling. Besides these skills, the recruiters also expect the job aspirants to possess generic skills. Generic skills include having a personal vision and goal, evaluating and monitoring one's own performance, having knowledge and confidence in one's own ideas and vision and articulating them, taking responsibility, working ethically, working under pressure and demonstrating resilience (The University of Sydney Careers Centre, 2010). This study wholly focuses on the above-mentioned nine important employable skills.

Literature Review

An assortment of skills makes a person employable. Now, what are the skills to be developed to be employable and how to recognize the identifiable skill sets? How personal development planning (skill set development) has to be made and recorded? "An enigmatic question pertaining to this is that the employable skills are coached to students in a stipulated time or they nurture by themselves with prompt self-practice methods". The solution to these questions is recommended as the practice of vital skills. Consequently, the demand of corporate industries can be fulfilled only by the practice of identifying and coaching necessary skill sets in universities. Only the practice and implementation of skill sets acquired lead to conquer imminent employment opportunities (Hari Prasad and Parasuraman, 2014a).

The University of Sydney Careers Centre (2010) declared two types of skills as necessary for building employability skills; they are technical skills and generic skills. Technical skills comprise communication skills, teamwork skills, problem solving skills, initiative and enterprise skills, planning and organizing skills, learning skills, and technology skills.

Employability skills and their respective domains were clearly identified and practically applied in various studies which help a job applicant to know more about the required essential skill set to enter the corporate world; these skills are proposed by American Society for Training and Development (ASTD) and Secretary's Commission on Achieving Necessary Skills (SCANS). Two national studies, one by ASTD (Carnevale et al., 1990) and the other by SCANS in 1991 are the foundational works in identifying employability skills, often used as benchmarks for other international, national, state, regional, and local studies. ASTD emphasized on six skill sets across all job families: (1) Basic Competency Skills: reading, writing and computation; (2) Communication Skills: speaking and listening; (3) Adaptability Skills: problem solving and thinking creatively; (4) Developmental Skills: self-esteem, motivation and goal-setting, and career planning; (5) Group Effectiveness Skills: interpersonal skills, teamwork and negotiation; and (6) Influencing Skills: understanding organizational culture and sharing leadership (Carnevale et al., 1990; Robinson, 2000; and Hari Prasad and Parasuraman, 2014b).

Corporate Training and Employability skill Empowerment Program (CTEEP) can help to convert a campus-ready student to a corporate employee. Only a high correlation between students, academicians and corporate can bridge the demand and supply gap in employment (Hari Prasad and Parasuraman, 2014c).

Evaluation and analysis of skill set acquired during the practice of Student Training and Empowerment Program (STEP) process can be done using Bloom's taxonomy. STEP seems to be simple, but in real time, participant's SWOT analysis is recommended before the implementation of this imperative technique (Hari Prasad and Parasuraman, 2014c and 2014d). …

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