Academic journal article Review of European Studies

The Problems of Information Technologies Effectiveness in Humanities Education

Academic journal article Review of European Studies

The Problems of Information Technologies Effectiveness in Humanities Education

Article excerpt

Abstract

An impact of information technologies on high education in social and humanitarian sciences is considered. An analysis of modern teaching and assessment methods and means is given in a context of social challenges and signals of diminished interest in fundamental knowledge, over-formalization requirements for high education, application of existing tools of e-learning and assessment. It is pointed out that existing information and computer technologies and tools are not sufficient in terms of depth and qualities of assessment process, are weak in assisting of ideological understanding, do not help in formation of logic reasoning, understanding of cause-consequence dependencies, abilities of presenting results of one's own thinking, assisting in improvement of argumentative skills and finding solutions. The limitations of electronics books use are also explained. Arguments are given in favour of importance of teacher's roles such as mentor, leader, who indicates directions and corrects actions during knowledge delivery, the process of education and behaviour formation. Further improvement of methods of assessment using information and computer technologies is described as an interdisciplinary issue. The solution of this problem is possible only by consolidated efforts of scientists and lecturers from various knowledge domains, taking into account features and differences of disciplines and individual abilities of knowledge formation. A problem of efficiency improvement for information technologies application in humanitarian and social sciences is described. It's shown that adaptation and redevelopment of system software to address cognitive and behavioural goals are required; in turn, modernization of learning and methodological education schemes should be based on the principles of inheritance, consistency, and social-cultural dependence.

Keywords: humanities education, cognitive process, e-learning, information and computer technologies, assessment, teacher's role

1. Introduction

1.1 Introduce the Problem

Scientific and technical achievements of the 20th century allowed humanity to advance in the area of information processing, storage and transfer, and emergence and spreading of the Internet significantly boosted this tendency. Obviously, the development of all areas of social activity depends on information technologies (IT) and it's impossible to imagine whatsoever progress without IT use. The implementation of IT changes the forms and methods of social interaction and showed that information flows management offers numerous opportunities in the formation of world-view and eventually world order. Reality-escaping virtual world, plunging into dreams and illusions, has turned into a bulwark of new religion, the rules and regulations of which are created by each person at his own discretion abstracting from what is permitted and forbidden in the society. As any other complex phenomenon, computerization doesn't provide clear solutions, its influence fruits are not obvious and more often than not come out to be far from rose-colored expectations, that's why they require a thorough study.

1.2 Importance of the Problem

Today IT are used in a more active way in educational process, that largely extends the methods of intense learning and knowledge control and at the same time transforms person's socialization ways and means. It's logical to suppose that together with educational activity technical modernization the quality of education will be improved at all levels. However specialists' studies and common observation show the slump in background knowledge, education takes the form of formality. Availability and multitude of information channels bate a desire to learn by heart, think independently and analyze. Verbal contacts are replaced by exchange with short texts, pictures, and signs. Young people's vocabulary transforms: it contains more and more specific computer lexicon for communication simplicity and less notions, which reflect cultural values, theoretical and empiric scientific knowledge development. …

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