Academic journal article International Journal of English Linguistics

Experimental-Phonetic Analysis of the Phonetic Structure of Word

Academic journal article International Journal of English Linguistics

Experimental-Phonetic Analysis of the Phonetic Structure of Word

Article excerpt


The article has been written on the basis of comparative-typological and experimental-phonetic methods in the study of the English and Azerbaijani languages belonging to different language systems (English belonging to analytical type of languages, Azerbaijani to the synthetic type of languages). The main aim of the investigation is to find out similarities and differentiations between (due to the acoustic parameters) phonetic structure of word in the monosyllabic and polysyllabic words in the English and the Azerbaijani languages. The analysis is based on experimental phonetic investigation. For the experiment PRAAT computer program has been used.

Keywords: word structure, monosyllabic, polysyllabic, acoustic, parameters

1. Introduction

In the modern linguistics investigation by the experimental-phonetic method is of peculiar importance. When we say the experimental phonetic method, we mean investigation of the topic in both phonetic and phonematic aspects. Different distinguished linguists have pointed out special importance of experimental phonetic investigation. Prof. Sherba in this respect noted: ?In some parts of linguistics, lexicography, syntax and stylistics it is impossible to carry out investigation without experiment?.

Grounding on this principle some other linguists have made necessary notes on the importance of experiments. One of them is prof. Veysally. In his works he also mentioned on the importance of experiments. As to him while carrying out experiments it is obviously seen how oscillograms and spectrograms change from sound to sound depending on their position in the speech chain.

Our aim is relying on these principles, the principle of importance of the experimental study, to carry out experimental phonetic analysis of the structure of the word in both English and Azerbaijani languages. We have focused our attention to the study of stress and melodic differentiations, the reasons why these differentiations occur in the compared languages and find out common and specific features taking place in both languages.

2. Scope of the Study

Experimental-phonetic methods play main role in Modern Linguistics. Without any hesitation it can be referred both to the phonetic and phonematic aspects. Different from the observation, an investigator plays an active role in the experiment, takes the investigated object within a definite condition and on the basis he/she investigates the relations between the phenomena and the situation that interests him/her. The special importance of experimental phonetic investigation has been noted by Sherba too: ?It's impossible to do anything without experiments in some branches of linguistics. (Lexicography, Syntax and Stylistics)? (Scherba, 1979). The main privilege of experiment, as Sherba has noted, is that it gives opportunity to get ?negative? information, namely the material which is impossible to get in Linguistics. To understand the experiment correctly we can say that it is realized in two ways in Phonetics: by listening and by means of special apparatus. The 1st is mostly called subjective method but the 2nd one-objective. The importance of the use of the objective methods in the linguistic investigations is explained by Sherba in this way: ?Even the most trained ear can hear not all that exist, but the one which it has accustomed (Sherba, 1979).

According to Veysally's decision the investigation of every phonetic material can be useful only in the case when it is based on more experiment than on observation.

Oscillographic analysis requires hard work. In his investigations Veysally who has worked with oscillograms and specktograms writes: The most difficult case in the spectographic and oscillographic analysis is the segmentation of the speaking act, because there doesn't exist constant curves for any sound. Though the accuracy of the investigation results depends on the definite bordering of the sounds indirectly as we differ one phoneme from the others while we define the borders, and in this way we define the estimation of the parameter marks. …

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