Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Myth in a Paradoxical Context

Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Myth in a Paradoxical Context

Article excerpt


The article deals with the integrality and paradoxes of the global myth used by Ch. Aitmatov in his novel "The Scaffold" and in the story "The White Ship" ("After the fairy tale") for the actualization of the most important moral issues which are necessary for understanding the survival of the mankind in the modern racing condition of arms and environmental disaster. The peculiarities of the writer's mythpoetical thinking, his ability to show a tough connection between the good and the evil in the paradoxical clash of ideas are revealed in the article. Aitmatov's contribution not only to the aesthetic potential of the Kirgiz literature, as well as to the global one, especially in terms of framing symbolic prose by parable forms, ability to literally generalize significant moral-physiological state of the community is shown clearly.

Keywords: myth, pattern, idea, ideology, moral issue, culture, ethnos

1. Introduction

Ch. Aitmatov was the most mythological writer among the writers of the Soviet national literature. The sustainable and consecutive application of forms of the mythologized thinking, the development of means of literal symbolic and paradigmatic saying, the paradoxical combination in mythological moral focus of the epic past and the present, spiritual rehabilitation of the religious personality in ("The White Ship", "Snowy substation", "The Scaffold") eventually led Ch. Aitmatov to the conventions of a fantastic plot in the novel "Cassandra's Brand". The logic of the development of his magic realism was shown in the following way: from socialist realism in "The first teacher" to magic realism in "The Scaffold" and thinking by conditional and symbolic images in the novel "Cassandra's Brand". This aesthetic movement in the writer's creativity was commented on in the monographs (Zhaksylykov, 2013, p. 329)

The mythologized poetic thinking on paradigms, signs, symbols of traditional ethno cultures in Ch. Aitmatov's works was noted by critics and literary critics of the country. Acuteness of the moral problem in the novel "Cassandra's Brand" which is normal for former poetics of the writer, increased humanistic demands to the modern person, emotionality, developed empathy to the hero gave the way to stylistics and the genre principles of a conditional and symbolic narration.

2. Materials and Experiment Methods

Ch. Aitmatov's novel "The Scaffold" is one of his most actual works addressed to a contemporary context, carrying very significant revelations, which are of great importance in space time of moral and ontological genesis of mankind. The reason is that the writer managed to reach the level of the biggest dialogue of mankind in his stories-saying about its spiritual formation, tragic, difficult, immense in time, incomplete, but after all formation. The main religions of mankind, Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Vedic religions, the Buddhism and Daoism were also formed as a result of the saying. (Schure, 1990, p. 419) Formation of these religions meant not only an institutionalization of the ritual and ceremonial party, aging of ideology and its laicization, not only evolution of ethnic and quasi-ethnic cultures, but forming of internal patterns of life of the mankind's spiritual body, their movement in a multidimensional spiritual microcosm with a potential exit to macro level of the Universe. The concept of pattern of life was introduced to the synergy by Capra Fritjof. (Capra, 2003, p. 336) In the process of this global movement of ideas which was accompanied by various wars, collision of cultures, enrichment of formations, crisis of civilizations, a collapse of the whole races and emergence of syncretic, marginal consortium at matrix, information and verbal level crystallization of the major paradigms such as ideologies, myths, fable, allegories, and paradoxes occurred. It is these paradigms that represent the essence of the most important spiritual revelations of the mankind: Veda, Upanishad, Bibles, Koran, Dao Dye Tsinan and Sutra. …

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