Academic journal article Asian Social Science

The Creation of Female Characters in Works of Art of the Uighur Classics

Academic journal article Asian Social Science

The Creation of Female Characters in Works of Art of the Uighur Classics

Article excerpt

Abstract

The volume of unique, preserved up to date information on the history of the well-known and outstanding women's lives, whose destinies were brilliant and dramatic, as written down by the eyewitnesses and participants of events, has created a certain base for the research initiation directed at the development of problems on reenacting their images in modern professional musical, theatrical art and also cinema. The article, based on historical data, deals with legendary female epos - Iparkhan, Maimkhan, Nazugum. The movies, "Year of the Dragon" filmed at Kazakhfilm and "Nozugum", filmed at Uzbektelefilm, are analyzed.

Keywords: female, heroic images, Uighur people, East Turkestan, fighter

1. Introduction

Historical and cultural changes occurred at the boundary of the XXth and the XXIst centuries, during fighting for independence and formation of the sovereign states of the former Soviet Union Republics, including Kazakhstan. One of the major tasks facing the Kazakhstan public policy is the revival of the huge spiritual and cultural potential created by the people through many centuries.

Modern art quests for national traditions and cultural heritage set certain research tasks for art critics which are aimed at the identification of new tendencies in the field of art, in particular cinema studies, being integral part of the world art culture.

Certainly, it is almost impossible to cover and reveal the innovative ideological and art essence of motion picture art, its multinational nature within one article. Moreover, the main objective of the paper is the definition of a problem of creating a heroic female character in works of art of the Uighur classics. This subject remains topical at all times.

Most often, people associate the concepts of the hero and a heroic deed with a priority of a strong half of mankind - men. But there is a set of examples of force, courage and heroism in women of the different people during different eras who sacrificed their lives both in the class struggle and in struggle for liberation of the people against overseas enslavers.

The heroic sagas and epic poems created by the people praised beauty, wisdom, and fidelity of women, their courage and military valor. One of such heroines is "Tomiris" (about 570-520 BC) - the queen of Massagets, according to researchers, the Scythian nomadic cattle breeding people. The history of Tomiris and her victories over Cyrus was well-known in a classical antiquity and became a legend; such antic writers as Herodotus, Polyaenus, Cassiodorus, and Jordanis wrote about her, about her deeds. The same things could be said about the heroine France Joan of Arc (about 1412-31) who headed "the fight of the French people against English aggressors" (The Great Russian Encyclopedia, 1998, p. 396). In their works, the great Uzbek poetesses Zebunnissa (1639-1706), Dilshod-Barno (1800-1905), Anbar-atyn (1870-1515) praised "humanity, love to life and the nature"; the statement about disagreement with the conditions dominating at that time trampling on freedom of the person" and huge love for the country". Their verses were quoted among the people, handing down the following: "A person shall listen to reason, cherish the Homeland as the second mother" ("The selected lyrics of the East", 1983, 3-4). The glorious women of the Kazakh people who had given lives for the Homeland in the years of World War II, such as the Heroes of the Soviet Union Manshuk Mametova (1922-1943) and Aliya Moldagulova (1925-1944). The history of the Uighur people has preserved the names of heroic women such as Iparkhan (the middle of the XVIII century), Maimkhan (XIX century), Nazugum (1800-1830), Rizvangul (1944).

The volume of unique, preserved up to date information on the history of the well-known and outstanding women's lives, whose destinies were brilliant and dramatic, as written down by the eyewitnesses and participants of events, has created a certain base for the research initiation directed at the development of problems on reenacting their images in modern professional musical, theatrical and film art. …

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