Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Theory and Practice of Time-Management in Education

Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Theory and Practice of Time-Management in Education

Article excerpt

Abstract

In this article we have examined main theoretical approaches to time-management and practice of its development in education. Authors have demonstrated the need to focusing on theory and practice of time-management in Russia considering quickly-changing processes in the world and deficit of time. The various methodologies of time-management including tools, technics and methods were analyzed. Authors have showed stages of practical appliance of self-management. We have presented results of research about the role of student in time-management to improve the efficiency of educational process. The data, fixing amount of time that students spend on accomplishing different tasks, personal records, time of rest, analyzing statistical data were collecting by using timing. Analysis let us to define the structure of student's life to expose priorities, the most important, effortful and time-consuming tasks (using the tool of pair comparison). Pair comparison made it possible to compare and follow the way of changes in the structure of time management of students, based on instructive conclusions from the analysis of the first week of studies. Using polls we exposed the opinions of students about their health, dynamics of changes, negatively impacting factors etc. During research we have found the ways student waste their time, we have designed methods to overcome procrastination, we have developed ways to study using personal syllabus, video projects. Using the results of the poll we have formulated basic principles of introduction of time-management into student's life which are goal-setting, defining of priorities, timeliness, verification, balance.

Keywords: time-management, methods of using of time, self-management, tool of timekeeping, timing, technique the matrix of Eisenhower, ABC-analysis, students time-management, sources of procrastination, traps of time, time reserves

1. Introduction

In the conditions of dynamic change of the world's processes the factor of time became one of the most demanded categories of the scientific analysis. Deficiency of time, its rapidity, compression, irreversibility is mentioned by the experts working in the area of policy, economy and management. In Soviet period the movie "Tale of the lost time" was very popular. The plot of the movie is rather simple: from children who didn't value the time it was stolen by angry wizards, after a series of adventures these children who turned into old men returned the time, having become children again that have their lives ahead. Unfortunately, in real life it doesn't happen - the history has no subjunctive mood and one cannot make up for lost time. Special methods of time-management are developed to operate time and to use it efficiently.

It is known that time management is a technology of increasing efficiency of usage the time for task performance. Time management presupposes conscious control over amount of time which is spent on particular types of works, increasing thus efficiency and quality of a product of activity. Theoretical bases are developed by both Western and Russian scientists, practitioners. Due to the scientific and practical importance the bases are constantly developing.

Nowadays there are a lot of approaches to efficient use of time. The most often discussed of foreign specialists in time-management is P. Druker who paid attention to complexity of management of creative process and administrative work "from above". Interesting views of time-management are presented in the works of S. Kovi (USA), L. Zayvert (Germany), K. Meller (Denmark), etc. Thanks to their development in the modern theory and practice there is actually a term "time management" which is widely used in scientific language including in Russia.

Management of time always was in sight of domestic scientists and practitioners in the field of the organization of work. Among them A. K. Gastev, P. M. Kerzhentsev, G. H. Popov, G. …

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