Academic journal article International Review of Management and Business Research

The Effect of Electronic Government on the Administrative Corruption of Employees with an Emphasis on Administrative Violations (Case Study: A State University)

Academic journal article International Review of Management and Business Research

The Effect of Electronic Government on the Administrative Corruption of Employees with an Emphasis on Administrative Violations (Case Study: A State University)

Article excerpt

Introduction

The issue of corruption is considered one of the most fundamental horrible problems, common to human society (Tavakkoli, 1390) that administrative system of each country is more or less suffering from (Ebrahim-poor and Seyyed Razavi, 1390). Each country with each level of development, in the whole spectrum of political situation will be affected with corruption scandals, although in different countries its levels are different and they are under the influence of different parameters (EbrahIm-Abadi, 1384). Statistics also confirms this theory and shows that the problem of corruption is not just special of third world countries (Alvan et al., 1389); although the statistics show that corruption is higher in developing countries rather than developed countries (Shahkooh, et al., 2008). In comparison with other countries and international perceptions, Iran in the corruption rating is placed in the higher ranks. Based on the existing studies, Iran is one of the most vulnerable countries to corruption in the world. Statistics demonstrate that in the last decades, the corruption index released by International Transparency, Iran's ranking is descending in a way that from 78 in 2003, it has been decreased to 133 in 2012 (www.transparency.org). Corruption in each country may have different factors such as: behavioral factors, structural factors, cultural factors, etc.

Reports of corruption, is not acceptable for a religious oriented country like Iran that despite enjoying religious teachings, it has a high corruption rate. The prevalence of corruption in the country passes in different sectors of the country. One of the most important divisions is educational system. Because of the difficulties and limitations in this section, it may lead to corruption in this section. Education is considered as a vulnerable division against corruption. This vulnerability could be caused because of its attractive structure to support local and national feelin gs, the effect of this division's decision making on people's lives, appropriate funding to this division (Rasouli and Shahayi, 1388). So the problem that we face in this study is administrative corruption in the education system (here university) and we are to identify the factors influencing administrative corruption in a state university. Hence in summary, this study's primary concern is the increasing rate of corruption in Iran (educational system as an important division) that may have many reasons. Various factors may affect the incidence of corruption in the organization, such as administrative factors, environmental and individual factors (Ahmadi and Fardadnia, 1388), interorganizational and extern-organizational factors (Afzali, 1390), informal network of relationships in the organization, weakness of supervision and control, complexity of existing laws and regulations, job insurance for managers (Jaber Ansary and Bazgir, 1389) and so on. As a result, determining the prevalence of corruption is one of the most important issues of this study and investigating the effect of e-government on corruption in the government are the other issues of present study.

As mentioned earlier, research problem may have several factors involved and the purpose of present study shows what is the perspective of the researcher toward the issue of the study. The aim of present study is to evaluate the effect of the establishment of e-government on terms of the extent of corruption in state university students. Transparency is the main enemy of corruption. So any tool that may increase transparency rate can prevent corruption. State management has provided different views on how to stop corruption. One of the most important positions is "Prison's Full Point of View", accordi ng to what the information technology is the key and through state management empowers the control over corruption (Danayi Fard, 1384). One of the techniques in recent years to control and reduce corruption in state management is considered to be e-government (Danayi fard, 1384). …

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