Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Conceptual Foundations of Management of Infrastructure of Support for Small Entrepreneurship

Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Conceptual Foundations of Management of Infrastructure of Support for Small Entrepreneurship

Article excerpt

Abstract

The article views the issues of development of conceptual frameworks of management of infrastructure of small entrepreneurship. As a result of the conducted research, the subject and object of management, as well as the forms of management functions of managerial influence are clarified; the proprietary vision of the principles of management of infrastructure of support for small entrepreneurship is given. The article also describes approaches to description of measures for support for small and medium enterprises, evaluation of effectiveness of realization of the concept, and direction of its further development. Special attention is paid to perfecting the legal base, regulating cash operations by subjects of SME, provision of access by subjects of SME to state and municipal purchases and investment resources for subjects of SME, and development of the system of micro-financing. The authors substantiate that it is necessary to distinguish two notions: "forms of management" and "methods of management". Methods of management are viewed in the article as an important legal means which is a totality of means and methods used by state authorities and their official bodies within limits, set by the law, in order to perform management and administrative influence as to certain persons and objects. At that, form of management is certain external manifestation of managerial actions (management), performed by state authorities (of federal and regional level) and by local authorities. The authors substantiate that general functions of managing socio-economic systems have remained unchanged over several recent years. However, the number and content of functions of the system of management of infrastructure of support for small entrepreneurship will differ a little, as, according to its content, it is referred to the level of socio-economic management.

Keywords: small business, infrastructure support, conceptual foundations of management, management principles, forms and methods of management, functions of management, effectiveness of management

1. Introduction

Development of small entrepreneurship should be viewed in aggregate and in the system with development of infrastructural support for small entrepreneurship. Systemacity of such progressive development supposes certain entity with features that are not peculiar for its separate elements. Only in aggregate, the mechanism of management of this system can reach its maximal effectiveness. The form of manifestation of this system could be the development of conceptual foundations of management of infrastructural support for small entrepreneurship.

Methodological basis for this research are works of the Russian economists and practitioners in the sphere of formation of entrepreneurial activities, development of small entrepreneurship, and infrastructure: Blinov A. O., Zhiltsov E. N., Busygin A. V., Erokhina L. I., Egorov E. N., Kazakov V. N., Kachurina M. M., Kruglova N. Y., Magomedov S. M., Morozov V. Y., Osipov Y. M., Platonova N. A., Sulpovar L. B. and others, as well as works of foreign scientists and specialists: P. Drucker, M. Weber, I. Schumpeter, V. Zombft, and others (Miller & Bromiley, 2001; Nonano et al., 2005; Fayol, 1992).

In our opinion, modern literature pays not enough attention to conceptual foundations of management of infrastructure of support for small enterprises, which lead to creation of this article.

Infrastructural support for small entrepreneurship is dynamically developing with state's support. In his message to the Federal Assembly dated December 4, 2014, the President of Russia emphasized the necessity for support for small and medium enterprises through creation of industrial parks in subjects of the RF (beginning from 2015, there starts a program of compensation for expenses of the subjects of the Federation for creation of industrial parks), expansion of access of SME to purchases of state companies, and determination of annual volume of purchases, elimination of discrimination of private sector in social sphere, and provision of equal access for private sector for financial resources. …

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