Academic journal article Asian Social Science

The Innovative and Technological Developments Acceleration of Russia (the Modern Stage)

Academic journal article Asian Social Science

The Innovative and Technological Developments Acceleration of Russia (the Modern Stage)

Article excerpt


We have undertaken the present investigation in order to offer the main directions of Russian economy reforming by dint of the acceleration innovative and technological development. Basing on these researches, authors allocate a number of the directions of innovative break, the country economic modernization. Today we have to use the public energy and national take-off for development of the country, the economy updating, and the quality improvement of the spheres, which are extremely important for each citizen. On the one hand, an activation of innovative activity demands the public administration and coordination of all its subjects actions, on the other hand, it demands an integration of all interested structures in the realization of innovations, the attraction of investments, the creation of the conditions which promote the innovative process and introduction of achievements of science and technology in national economy. The acceleration of national economy transition on the innovative way of development is impossible without formation the competitive national innovative system on a global scale. For its creation it is necessary to increase the demand for innovations from the most part of economy branches, to increase the efficiency of knowledge generation sector (fundamental and applied science), to overcome a fragmentariness of the created innovative infrastructure. This research can serve as a tool for innovative and technological development in the process of developing the recommendations about improvement of the state innovative policy and further development of national innovative system of the Russian Federation.

Keywords: innovative and technological development, acceleration, modernization of the country

1. Introduction

Russian Federation has the huge territory, enormous natural resources, the massive industrial potential, the right achievements great list in the field of science, education, art; the army and fleet history, the nuclear weapon, the governmental authorities, which play considerable, and sometimes the defining role in events of historical scale. President of the Russian Federation V. V. Putin and Prime Minister D. A. Medvedev (Putin, 2014; Medvedev, 2009) issue instructions to solve the economy modernizations strategic missions of the country on the basis of innovative development, the state efficiency, the improvement of life quality and competitiveness.

As the economic crises and economic sanctions showed that the economic development by means of materials sector is the deadlock, non-perspective direction. From infinite appeals to modernization of economy, it is time to go to act. It is useful to remind still S. Yu. Witte, the famous political leader, wrote about Russia, "the foreign trade develops mainly by the means of the raw materials resources sale which isn't profitable and is affected by spontaneous influences of the changeable conditions. Under such circumstances the welfare of the population can be neither high, nor steady" (Witte, 1914).

Russia keeps macroeconomic stability and pursues the delicate balanced budgetary policy. The basic indicators of the gold and foreign exchange reserves and the balance of payments remain at the highish plateau. The much attention is paid to formation of the favorable business terrain, the introduction of the best models on work with investors at the global, regional and local levels. In comparison with 2010, our country improved the positions twice in a well-known rating of Doing Business (APEC, 2014). For investors' involvement, derisking, co-financing of projects and other our country plans to use institutes of development. There is an improvement process of access to credit resources. In addition, the mechanism development of a project financing comes to the end.

In our opinion, in the Russian conditions, there are two vectors of innovative development which are directed, first, on acceleration (consolidation of innovations role at a technologies exchange, the global competition, etc. …

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