Academic journal article International Journal of Education and Management Studies

Impact of School Related Factors on Life Skills among School Going Adolescents

Academic journal article International Journal of Education and Management Studies

Impact of School Related Factors on Life Skills among School Going Adolescents

Article excerpt

Adolescence as a developmental stage is frequently described as a critical period during which dramatic life changes and transition occurs. It is a turbulent journey from childhood to adulthood when the individual changes physically and psychologically from a child to an adult. It is a time of moving from immaturity of childhood into the maturity of adulthood. There is no single boundary that denotes the end of childhood or the beginning of adolescence. As the adolescents mature cognitively, their mental process becomes more analytical. They are now capable of abstract thinking, better articulation and of developing an independent ideology. These are the years of creativity idealism and spirit of adventure. Adolescence is a period of experimenting, experiencing and expanding. It is the stage of their personality development. Adolescents are the true asserts of every nation. Adolescents need help and guidance in decision-making, problem solving, self-awareness, coping with stress and managing emotions. Adolescents can be a time of both disorientation and discovery. The rebelliousness and dislike for parental intrusion usually keeps parents at bay because teenagers do not relish the idea of help and guidance from parents. Beneath frequent violent outbursts, sudden mood swings and related interpersonal problems of an adolescents, there may be a person crying out for professional help. And education is that vehicle which can be used to nourish them, use their strength and potential for the betterment of the society. While the primary purpose of school is the academic development of students, its effects on adolescents are far broader, also encompassing their physical and mental health, safety, civic engagement and social development. Sharma (2011) focused that "one of the most important concents of education is to ensure that child is able to make use of most of his abilities and capabilities to achieve to his maximum level". Life skills education facilitates complete and integrated development of individuals to function effectively as social being. Adolescents learn from life skills to work cooperatively in a team; practice healthy life styles and take responsibility for their own health; solve conflicts in a peaceful manner, critically analyze values in a society; perform successfully in job interviews and respect for human rights. Life skills programme should be an integral part of the education system in order to transmit the accumulated resources of our cultural heritage to each new generations.

Life Skills

Life skills are abilities, individuals can learn that will help them to live a fruitful life. In other words life skills are those competencies that assist people in functioning well in the environments in which they live. Life skills are abilities desire to do so and given the opportunity to do so. Life skills are defined as non-academic abilities, knowledge, attitudes and behaviours that must be learned for success in society (Junge et al., 2003).

According to Hendrick (1996), "Life skills are skills that help an individual to be successful in living a productive and satisfying life".

According to WHO (1997), "Life skills are the abilities for adaptive and positive behavior that enables individuals to deal effectively with the demands and challenges of everyday life".

Life skills are innumerable and the nature of life skills is likely to differ across culture and settings. However, analysis of the life skills suggest that there is a core set of skills that are at the heart of skills based initiatives for the promotion of the health and well-being of children and adolescents. World Health Organization 1997) described ten core life skills i.e. Decision Making, Problem Solving, Creative Thinking, Critical Thinking, Effective Communication, Inter- personal relationship skills, Self Awareness, Empathy, Coping with Emotions and Coping with Stress. Life skills enable individuals to translate knowledge, attitudes and values into actual abilities i. …

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