Academic journal article The Catholic Historical Review

Réforme Catholique, Religion Des Prêtres et "Foi Des Simples". Etudes D'anthropologie Reiigieuse (XVIe-XVIIIe Siècles)

Academic journal article The Catholic Historical Review

Réforme Catholique, Religion Des Prêtres et "Foi Des Simples". Etudes D'anthropologie Reiigieuse (XVIe-XVIIIe Siècles)

Article excerpt

Reforme catholique, religion des prêtres et foi des simples". Etudes d'anthropologie religieuse (XVIe-XVIIIe siècles). By Dominique Julia. [Cahiers d'Humanisme et Renaissance, Vol. 118; Sous-collection Ad Deum n° 2.] (Geneva: Librairie Droz. 2014. Pp. 525. euro75,00/398.40 paperback. ISBN 978-2-600-01753-4.)

Now that the quarante glorieuses of postwar French historiography are themselves becoming an object of increasing historical curiosity, several scholars who are little known to a wider public have been gaining the recognition they deserve. The golden age of the French historical sociology of religion, as it was called, was inspired primarily by the distinguished medievalist Gabriel Le Bras; the subsequent shift toward religious anthropology was the work of an early modernist who was the radical opposite of Le Bras, Alphonse Dupront. Dominique Julia managed the feat of being a disciple of both men! It was Dupront, who published scarcely anything during his lifetime, that founded an influential research institute, the Centre d'Anthropologie Religieuse Européenne (CARE), of which Julia, an indefatigable researcher and participant in collective projects, has been a pillar over the years. The essays in this collection cover only part of his oeuvre, as Julia has been active in several other major fields of research without ever abandoning his earlier terres d'élection. These include the history of schooling, literacy, reading habits, universities, colleges, teaching orders, pedagogical credos, childhood, pilgrimages, miracles, and historiography. Nor is this all: from the outset, his publications have been accompanied by the hard-graft of inventorying and editing extant sources. Hardly any of this enormously varied output, which runs to approximately 200 items, has been in book form, apart two early forays-one with Michel de Certeau and Jacques Revel on language politics during the French Revolution, another with Roger Chartier on education in early-modern France.

This reviewer has long considered Julia a master of the extended and thoroughly researched monographic article, which has become so rare in any language today. Indeed, the volume under review contains two such publications-"La Réforme post-tridentine en France" (pp. 137-231) and "Un miracle à Paris en 1725" (pp. 343-410)-both of which have hitherto been available only in Italian publications that can be difficult to find. …

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