Academic journal article English Language Teaching

A Brief Literature Review on Acculturation Strategies of Overseas Students

Academic journal article English Language Teaching

A Brief Literature Review on Acculturation Strategies of Overseas Students

Article excerpt

Abstract

Acculturation strategy has been an integral and essential part in the field of acculturation study. The fact that an increasing number of international overseas students wave into China renders this research urgently in need; and new theoretical models emerged constantly, which have had a significant effect on the immigration policies in China. This paper, based on the exemplification of the significance of acculturation study, aims to display the setting, clarify such three frequently confusing terms as adaptation, acculturation, adjustment by comparing and contrasting the similarities and differences before fixing the acculturation as this study's preference, then presents a brief but clear description of the history, dimensions, and subjects of acculturation study, and finally discuss two kinds of acculturation modes, four acculturation strategies in particular held by John Berry: assimilation, separation, integration, and marginalization.

Keywords: acculturation strategies, integration, separation, assimilation, marginalization

I. Introduction

No study is conducted in a vacuum and it must be connected with the past and future. A literature review offers such contextual information, which not only describes what has already been done in the field and what problems remain to be unsolved, but also explains to what scale one's study is distinguishable from the previous ones, what kind of contribution can be made to the existing knowledge, how the design of one's design is based on if there is any (Wen, 2001). That's why the this study starts with the some relevant literature review only to find that there are few of scholars who pay attention to this issue, and that the choice of acculturation strategy arouse little attention of the domestic scholars. Virtually, Contact between culturally diverse individuals is as old as preserved history. Individual fostered in one culture have always visited other communities to business with, learn from, or exert impacts on foreign lands. Most communities have witnessed visitors from abroad, being hospitable to them on condition that their motives were seen to be benevolent, or unfriendly to the newcomers if they came to invade, pillage or even conquer. The journals of Xenophon, Marco Polo, Columbus, Drake, Captain Cook, Burton, and Lafcadio Hearn offers superb accounts of what nowadays we would call intercultural contact, during the process of which they also touch on some of the interpersonal and sociopolitical difficulties. The difference between then and now lies in merely the scope where the quantum increase in the movement of people across national and ethnic boundaries due to factors including mass access to jet travel, globalization of industry, expansion of educational exchanges, growing migrants, refugees, and foreign worker movements. And among all these sojourners, overseas students experienced relatively more unfamiliarity and confusions, and thereby accumulated more strategies to cope with those unexpected occurrence due to their long sojourn in a foreign culture (Hu, 2000).

2. Significance of This Research

To have a relatively high academic study of the so-called acculturation issue, acculturation strategies in particular, gain a practical and theoretical significance. This research prefers to elaborate the significance of this study from the following two aspects. On the one hand, the fact that an increasing number of international overseas students wave into China renders this research urgently in need. In 1950, China began to enroll the first group of overseas students to be educated, exactly speaking, only five Romanian students. Till now, 65 years have already passed during which China has raised large quantities of science and technology, education, diplomacy talent for various countries, especially those developing ones. With the reform and open policy moving on, China's comprehensive national strength gradually increased, the international standing unceasingly enhanced, and the international education program has made great progress. …

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