Academic journal article Educational Research Quarterly

The Effects of Argumentation Based Science Learning Approach on Creative Thinking Skills of Students

Academic journal article Educational Research Quarterly

The Effects of Argumentation Based Science Learning Approach on Creative Thinking Skills of Students

Article excerpt

Abstract

The aim of this study is to explore the effects of argumentation based science learning (ABSL) approach on 9th Grade of Secondary Education students' creative thinking skills. The sample of the study included 22 9th grade of Secondary Education students in Bayburt in 2012-2013 academic year. In this study quantitative research method and pretest-posttest experimental design was adopted. As a data collection tool Torrance Test of Creativity Thinking Verbal-Figural Form A was used and the collected data were evaluated by using SPSS program (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences). While evaluating data, t-test was used for the sub-dimensions with normal distribution, whereas Wilcoxon test was used for the sub-dimensions not with normal distribution. The results of analysis showed that argumentation based science learning approach has a positive effect on creative thinking skills of students'. At the beginning and end of semester, Torrance test analysis showed that there is a significant difference in favor of the posttest. Furthermore, according to the sub-dimensions of Torrance Test of Creativity Thinking Verbal/Figural Form A, significant differences were found for Verbal Form A all sub-dimensions. While significant differences were not found between pretest and posttest results for the sub-dimensions of elaboration, synthesis of incomplete figures and emotional expressiveness, significant differences were found for the rest of sub-dimensions in favor of the posttest. In addition, it was observed that critical discussion skills of students were developed in the process.

Introduction

Today, the information society defines human as a researching, questioning, creative and critical thinking individuals who have the ability to solve problems. This can only occur with welltrained individuals in a contemporary educational process and for this, it is needed to reveal intelligence, free and creative thinking of individuals (Alkan, 1998). Mathematic courses may be considered as a lesson that helps revealing these abilities. Societies which do not give enough importance to mathematics will have to take information from other societies in some way because of being unable to produce information they need for their own. Societies which do not produce new ideas and reveal their creativity can not progress. In other words, mathematics is one of the most important instrument that helps revealing creative thinking skills of individuals. People use mathematics almost all areas of daily life. But it is seen that when students' education degrees increased, they can be afraid of undertaking it and can be prejudiced against mathematics and they fail to do it. Therefore, it is important to get students like mathematics, to tell students importance of this course, to give examples relating to daily life. Because the use of different teaching methods can help to increase the success of mathematics and creative thinking skills of students'.

In new teaching programs, it was seen that it is inevitable to obtain successful results from courses which designed in relation to students' daily lives, personal interests and practical applications. Inquiry based learning approach is an approach that highlights learning by thinking, generates interest and curiosity in connection with students' real life (Duban, 2008). Research and inquiry based learning is a process of converting research, examination, information analysis and data into useful information (Perry and Richardson, 2001). By using the research and inquiry based learning approach students involve in processes such as thinking and examining an existential problem or matter, planning activities in order to reach a solution, interpreting data obtained by these activities, discussing the ideas and finally making reflection on obtained solutions.

Research and inquiry are the basis of Argumentation Based Science Leaming(ABSL) approach and they support processes which give importance to thinking (Hohenshell, 2004). …

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