Academic journal article Pakistan Historical Society. Journal of the Pakistan Historical Society

Addendum

Academic journal article Pakistan Historical Society. Journal of the Pakistan Historical Society

Addendum

Article excerpt

After the Mughul conquest of Bengal and Orissa, during the reign of Akbar and Jähanglr, further conquests were made in Awrangzïb's time in 1658-1665 when Kämrüp and region of Assam were captured. However, the frontier in South-East and the region of Chatgam (Chatgaun/Chittagong) under the control of Rakhnaks (Arakänese) with the help of the Portuguese were causing trouble particularly in the reigns of Jahangir and Shähjahän. Bernier referred to them as Rakhan. According to him the king of Arakän's hostility emanated from the dread of the Mughuls, hence he allied himself with the Portuguese and allowed them to occupy Chätgäm (Chittagong) (See Bernier, Travels, pp. 11-174, 182, cf. History of Muslims of Bengal, vol. I-A, pp. 433-444; The Cambridge History of India, vol. V, pp. 236-237. They became bold and took advantage of the trouble created by Khurram's revolt. Later it was followed by that of Mahäbat Khän, which further weakened the Mughul administration (1623-1626). So they looted the provincial capital Dhaka. According to one version "They entered the city, burnt and looted it, and retired with a number of captives which included 25000 females, Hindustanis as well as the Mughuls. When Amir Mahmud Balkhi visited Dhaka (16241631) he reported it well defended by 12000 fully armed boats . …

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