Academic journal article Asian Social Science

The Structure and Main Issues of "Al-Tasdid" of Husam Al-Din Al-Syghnaqi

Academic journal article Asian Social Science

The Structure and Main Issues of "Al-Tasdid" of Husam Al-Din Al-Syghnaqi

Article excerpt

Abstract

The study of the theological maturidia in the Central Asia was developed by the majority of outstanding scientists in the Turkic area and was known from generation to generation with manuscripts. One of these famous scientists was Abu al-Mu'in al-Nasafi. In Central Asia, in the branch of the Islamic kalam theology there were the works "Tabsira al-Adilla", "Bahr al-Kalam", "al-Tamheed li qawa'id al-Tawheed", which considered the issues of maturidia theological study. In the XIV century the great scientist from Syghanaq Husam al-din al-Syghnaqi made a detailed research of the work "al-Tamheed li qawa'id al-Tawheed" of Abu al-Mu'in al-Nasafi and wrote the work "al-Tasdeed fi sharh al-Tamheed" by giving a full explanation of all questions relating to the issue. This article considers the content and the kept versions in the World libraries and the importance of this work for today. There is a different information about the original version of the manuscript. The first, the manuscript is by Amca Zade Huseyn 309 number, written by Husam al-din al-Syghnaqi personally and kept in the turkic library. This information is written in the work "Syghanaq Sanlagi/ The star of the Syghanaq" of Shamshaddin Kerim, the second manuscript is kept in the Egypt Arabic Republic, in the library "Dar al-Kutub Misrya". It is written in this manuscript, that the manuscript was published in 1125 according hizhra calendar. Therefore the article gives an explanation of the main maturidia kalam principles, which cover five chapters of the work.

Keywords: the Central Asia, dictionary, hanafia-maturidia, historical-biographical, al-Nasafi, al-Syghnaqi

1. Introduction

Nowadays the Islamic religion has an influence on the society of the country. In Central Asia the maturidia direction became the main direction, which was kept from the X century and it was one of the main directions of Islam. Maturidia had a great importance in Mawerennahr area. It is obvious, that the cultural elements of the Central Asia and social environment of Abu Mansur al-Maturidi had a direct influence on the personal development of the scientist. His teachers and social surrounding Samarqand aqida directions of Abu Hanifa and fiqh views, philosophy and theology bases were developed in Dar al-Dzhuzdhania school. His teacher Abu Nasr Ahmad ibn 'Abbas ibn Husain al-Iazy and after him Abu Mansur al-Maturidi were the leads of this school.

Also, his teachers Abu Bakr Ahmad ibn Ishaq ibn Salih al-Dzhuzdzhani, Nusair ibn Yahya al-Balhi, Muhammad ibn Muqatil al-Razi gave lectures in this school. Also, it is clear that Samarqand scientists worked together with the scientists from Balh, Rey, Nishapur areas. The scientific direction of Abu Mansur al-Maturidi covered a wide list of issues, and it was clear, that the scientist used some theoretical materials from the work "Logika" of Aristotel. The followers of Abu Mansur al-Maturidi Abu al-Qasim Ishaq ibn Muhammad ibn Isma'il al-Hakim al-Samarqandi (340/951y.), Abu al-Hasan 'Ali ibn Sayyid al-Rustughfani (345/956y.), Abu Ahmad ibn 'Abbas al-Yazy, Abu Muhammad 'Abd al-Karim ibn Musa al-Bazdawi (390/1000y.) are influenced to develop of Turkic spiritual lifestyle (Muminov, 2006).

Lots of scholars as al-Bazdawi and al-Sabuni, al-Oshi and Abu al-Mu'in al-Nasafi, 'Umar al-Nasafi and Abu Barakat al-Nasafi put an effort in the development of the maturidia theological study and the spiritual culture of this area. Abu Mansur al-Maturidi had lots of work about kalam, fiqh usul al-fiqh and the history of madhabs. One of these works is "Kitab al-Tawheed" and this work is the object of the research of some famous scientists (Yazici, 1987). We can see that the work considers the theological principles of the hanafia direction. Husam al-din al-Syghnaqi wrote comments on the work "al-Tamheed li qawa'id al-Tawheed" of Abu al-Mu'in al-Nasafi. We can notice, that the name of this scientist is very famous in the Islamic World. …

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