Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Stealing and Holding Stolen Goods

Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Stealing and Holding Stolen Goods

Article excerpt

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate personal and social dimensions of prisoners and committed crimes such as theft, robbery, burglary, and stick-up in Mashhad City. The statistical sample of the study incudes the prisoners of Mashhad Prison in 2013. The participants for this study were 5500 Iranian prisoners, sentencing for crimes such as theft, robbery, burglary, and stick-up and handling stolen goods. In order to carry out the study, available documents and characteristics of prisoners were used. In order to see to what extent characteristics of prisoners were congruent with their committed crimes, prisoners were grouped based on their social statuses such as their marital status, sex ratio, educational level, and occupational status. As well, the quantitative data were subjected to a set of statistical analyses. Data analysis indicates that old adults have the lowest proportion of stealing crimes at 5 percent and the highest proportion of crime is 38% (under age 22). What is clear is the impact of marital and educational status on stealing crimes. That is, 70% of prisoners are single, 16% of convicts are divorce and 14% of married prisoners are charged of stealing crime. As well, this research shows that 90% of offenders are under diploma and over 80% are unemployed. This study suggests by concluding that social characteristics of prisoners are strong factors and they are worth of paying serious attention. In fact, economic and social development can decrease crime rates. Social development is a reality and an urgent need. It can create new opportunities for all individuals in welfare, education, and crime prevention. It seems that Iran as a developing country requires an essential change in infrastructure, education and interactions. To do this, exploring the social dimensions of individuals and their needs enable policy makers to build better future.

Keywords: theft, robbery, burglary, stick-up, Mashhad city

1. Introduction

Iran tries to act in accordance with Islamic law. According to the Article four of the Islamic Republic of Iran's Constitution: "all civil, penal, financial, economic, administrative, military and political laws shall be based on the Islamic standards (Habibzadeh, 2006). And criminal law as a part of Islamic law defines a certain set of conditions for a crime to be considered a stealing (theft). Under Islamic Law, Stealing (theft) is considered a Hadd crime, where a specific and fixed punishment is administered (Gouda, 2014). According to Scaros (2011), punishments not only threaten all convicts but also inform all individuals not to act up again. In fact, Islam tries to prevent all people from criminal acts and secure the society. So, negative consequence of crime does not let offenders commit the crime. Deterrence factor of crime is considered as an important case. The primary objective of Islamic penal system is to protect society from the dangers of crime. Society must be protected from the activities of criminals and hoodlums. Social life must be peaceful and devoid of insecurity. The severity of Islamic penal system is aimed at discouraging criminal behavior. If the criminal knows the anguish and pains he will bring to himself, he/she may abstain from committing the crime (Okon, 2014). Stealing and its kinds are ominous crimes that Iranian Government reacts to them strongly and does not tolerate any social disorder. Judiciary system is also serious and shows a backlash against this crime. And Iranian people do hate these convicts and help police to detect offenders. They ask police, judiciary system and government to punish lawbreakers seriously. In Iran Penal Code, the Theft Act 197, stealing is the taking of another person's property underfoot. Because it was ambiguous, judges get into trouble due to other crimes such as robbery and stick-up. For this reason, New Penal Code solved this problem and Theft Act 296 indicates that stealing is the taking of person's property belonging to another (Akbari, 2014). …

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.