Academic journal article Journal of Management Information and Decision Sciences

The Study on Factors Affecting Mobile Multimedia Training

Academic journal article Journal of Management Information and Decision Sciences

The Study on Factors Affecting Mobile Multimedia Training

Article excerpt

INTRODUCTION

What is mobile multimedia learning? The rapid development and growth of Internet broadband Wi-Fi access and the fast increase of smart mobile device usage make various types of multimedia training materials ubiquitously available through various types of multimedia training systems. Trainees holding smart mobile devices have access to the sophisticated multimedia learning materials anytime wherever they go. The recent advancement and great proliferation of smart mobile devices in the world have paved the way of sharing and accessing multimedia training contents taught in a physical place in different time and place from the time and place of learning offered. The mobile devices are grown up to 'smart' instruments having high performance in terms of memory size, processing speed, and communication capability. Thanks to the advancement, various types of multimedia contents including audio and video could be accessed by or delivered to mobile devices, such as smart phones, tablets, and personal digital assistants (PDAs). The learning contents could be accessed by individual learners' mobile devices through wireless communication network.

The recent development of information and communication technology in general and the consolidation of these technologies and multimedia technology in particular have brought enormous changes in education methods in many organizations. Numerous studies about teaching trainees by multimedia technology in the education field have been published and those studies reported that the multimedia technology would enhance learning performance more than that of traditional teaching methodology. However, few studies about direct investigation on the effectiveness of multimedia technology on learning are found in the corporate training sector. There are not many studies around the effectiveness of multimedia technology in corporate training (Orrr, Golas, and Yao, 1993; Bielenberg, Carpenter-Smith, 1997; McDonald, 2004). A few studies on mobile learning found in the world (Motiwalla, 2007; Vavoula and Sharples, 2009; Frohberg, Goth, and Schwabe, 2009; Demirbilek, 2010). Only a few studies on multimedia education in a mobile learning environment found (Giza, 2014; Moldovan, Ghergulescu, and Muntean, 2014).

In this regard, the major objective of the study is to investigate which factors affect the trainees' learning performance in business organizations when the training is delivered by the mobile multimedia technology. Then the paper would like to provide companies ways to enhance their training outcomes by designing better training materials with multimedia and mobile technology. Based on the constructivism theory and motivation theory of the education engineering field, a theoretical research model and research hypotheses were developed. Then the study examined a variety of factors in mobile multimedia training, which affect trainees' learning performance.

LITERATURE REVIEW

Multimedia Learning

Multimedia technology based on information and communication technology (ICT) greatly changed the learning system in corporations (Angelides and Demosthenous, 1996). It maximized the effect of learning of employee trainings by providing various media to the trainers and learners such as video, audio, interaction, and easy access to information (Dustdar and Angelides, 1997). Computer aided education, intelligent education, and multimedia embedded learning have been studied for a long time in the education field (Galbreath, 1994). Many frameworks for integrating multimedia technology in classrooms have been suggested and they provided educators with various components of multimedia technology to enhance their classroom activities. Many examples of utilizing multimedia technology in learning were shown to the educators and were useful to guide educators in the fast changing multimedia education world where technology and tools were changing quickly. Educators are constantly upgrading their skills, tools, and technology to cope with recent development in multimedia technology (Giza, 2014). …

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