Academic journal article Journal of Politics and Law

Inter-Subjective Ideological and Political Education in Recent Years-A Review

Academic journal article Journal of Politics and Law

Inter-Subjective Ideological and Political Education in Recent Years-A Review

Article excerpt


Inter-subjective ideological and political education is a frontier problem in ideological and political education research. In recent years, a deep research and discussion has been made on its necessity, connotation, characteristics and implementation problems in the academic circles. On the basis of systematically summarizing this problem, the author put forward the current research deficiency in order to promote further development of the research.

Keywords: intersubjectivity, ideological and political education, subjectivity

1. Introduction

Intersubjectivity came into philosophy research field of vision in China in the 1990s, and was applied to education pedagogy as the pedagogy research frontier and hot issue in 2002. Thus intersubjectivity is applied to the field of ideological and political education, promoting the development of the innovation of ideological and political education and realizing "to the inter-subjective ideological and political education from the list of subjectivity ideological and political education". Yaocan Zhang think the study on intersubjectivity is a revolution of the ideological and political education, it can be seen that the inter-subjective ideological and political education plays a great important role on theory reach and education practice. In recent years, the research results are relatively abundant about inter-subjective ideological and political education, involving the several aspects as follows.

2. Intersubjectivity and Inter-Subjective Ideological and Political Education

With the germination and development of capitalism, people gradually realize their own ability to change the world, hope to break through the various restrictions and emphasize their own subjectivity. Since modern times, therefore, some western philosophers, such as Descartes, Kant, Fichte, established a philosophy paradigm which emphasizes autonomy, initiative and creative based on the "subject-object dichotomy" thinking. But with the in-depth development of modern capitalist society, the interpersonal relationship was gradually alienated, the instrumental rationality principle became the standard to measure the social operation, interpersonal communication came into the relationship between subject and object from the relationship between the equal bodies, human essence was also gradually alienated losing its subjective initiative. So other philosophers represented by Husserl, Habermas tried to go beyond the established "subject-object dichotomy" thinking mode, they tried to break the existing social status quo of "self center", and stress the importance of intersubjectivity to construct a social relation taking interpersonal communication as center.

Husserl is the proposer of intersubjectivity, he put forward "reciprocal subjectivity" proposition in Cartesian Meditations, namely the commonness and relation between subjects. Husserl thought that the subjects existed in the social community as the main bodies each other because of the commonness. Habermas thought "Intersubjectivity is the socialization based on individuation and the individuation based on socialization", he stressed that the mutual "understand" and "consensus" could be achieved only via the face-to-face communication. In Heidegger's opinion, intersubjectivity is the objective knowledge for the same thing between subjects, namely between "I" and "others". Through the different interpretation of western philosophers, the outline and connotation of intersubjectivity gradually enriched and developed.

In China the study of intersubjectivity began in 1990s. So far, the related achievements are abundant in the field of philosophy, literature and education, especially the theory study has been relatively mature in philosophy and literary. Although the research on intersubjectivity in ideological and political education is relatively small, the intersubjectivity theory of ideological and political education developments soon in recent years. …

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