Academic journal article Medium Aevum

Short Scottish Prose Chronicles

Academic journal article Medium Aevum

Short Scottish Prose Chronicles

Article excerpt

Short Scottish Prose Chronicles, ed. Dan Embree, Edward Donald Kennedy, and Kathleen Daly, with Latin translations by Susan Edgington (Woodbridge: Boydell Press, 2012). 402 pp. ISBN 978-1843837459. £60.00. This is an attractively coherent collection of seven short late medieval chronicles from the late fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries, five in Scots and one each in French and Latin. All deal, one way or another, with the thenindependent kingdom of Scotland's relationship with its closest neighbour and rival, England (making for interesting reading in the light of the 2014 Scottish referendum on independence, though they were not prepared with this in mind). The introduction contains thoughtful sections on 'The Scots nation and nationalism' and 'Historical writing in Scotland' before addressing the texts, first through a general essay on this sub-genre and then via separate individual introductions. Most significant among the texts is 'The St Andrews Chronicle', a summary of part of the early books of Boece's Latin Scotorum historia which is tacked onto the end of a manuscript of Wyntoun's Chronicle and is edited here for the first time after a history of being ignored by scholars such as Craigie and Amours, or misidentified (as another Brevis crónica) by Laing. The other texts are: the Vraie Cronique, apparently intended as a briefing note for French diplomats negotiating with the English; the famously anti-English Scottis Originale; two more brief chronicles from Wyntoun manuscripts (Chronicle of the Scots (1482) and the Brevis crónica/Scottis Cornikle) ; the Ynglis Chronicle', and the Nomina omnium regum Scotorum, a Latin summary of a version of Bower's Scotichronicon. …

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