Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Methods of Overcoming the Problem of Pregnancy among Unmarried Adolescents

Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Methods of Overcoming the Problem of Pregnancy among Unmarried Adolescents

Article excerpt

Abstract

The issue of pregnancy among unmarried adolescent in Malaysia has become increasingly prevalent of late. This matter needs urgent attention otherwise this problem will have a negative impact on society's well-being, the family institution and adolescent morality. There are various methods which may be applied to overcome this problem. However, this working paper focuses on the role of the adolescents themselves to overcome the problem of unmarried pregnancy. This study is designed as a survey research. 50 respondents have been selected by using convenience sampling. The research location selected are two Malaysian shelters, namely, Raudhatus Sakinah (RS) and Welfare Organisation Darul Islah Selangor (PERKID). Research data is descriptively analysed by using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) and displayed in the form of percentage, frencuency and mean. Research outcome shows that there are several methods which adolescents may do to overcome the problem of unmarried pregnancy. Among the ways which may be used are to be involved in useful activities, obey their parents, be protective of the family reputation, internalize and practice lslamic teachings as well as to constantly keep the company of sensible or righteous people.

Keywords: pregnancy, unmarried adolescents, spiritual, oneself

1. Introduction

Pregnancy among unmarried adolescents is one of the social issues which is frequently associated with adolescents and needs to be effectively dealt with to ensure that the Malaysian society will not face the problem of moral decline among its young generation who are expected to shape the future of the nation. Adolescents are usually associated with the age range from12 to 21 years for females and 13 to 22 for males. At this stage of life, they frequently behave as adults and do not feel that they are much younger than their elders (Villi & Dona, 2007). From the Islamic perspective, adolescents are regarded as of puberty age termed as baligh. Adolescence is a transitional stage from childhood to adulthood.

Adolescents of today are forced to face various challenges in life parallel to rapid technological development and a world without borders. This may cause adolescents to face difficulty in adapting to changes and get entangled with moral deprivation. Some of the conflicts faced by adolescents at times involve immorality. Among these immoral phenomena are illicit sexual relations which contribute to pregnancy among unmarried adolescents. This phenomenon is more or less a result of today's modernization and urbanization process whereby adolescents crave unfettered freedom and dislike restrictions. Freedom which is not based on moral values does not only contribute to pregnancy among unmarried adolescents but also many other social problems (Azrina, 2007).

Many other studies conducted show that pregnancy among unmarried adolescents is the consequence of various factors such as free mixing of the sexes, fornication, environment, family problems, the media (pornography) and peer groups (Khadijah et al., 2012; Ali & Sardar, 2010; Mohd & Adriana, 2010; Brandt et al., 1978; Moore, 2001; Weisz & Earls, 1995; Sarnon et al., 2012; Dev et al., 2010; Zain et al., 2015). From the Islamic perspective, pregnancy among unmarried adolescents is the consequence of human indecency from indulgence in carnal desires without feelings of guilt. Even though fornication is driven by many contributory factors, among which are the abundance of easily and cheaply available pornographic materials, increasingly widespread hedonism, unrestricted mixing of the sexes and the lack of religious upbringing by the parents towards their children, there is a need for internal self-control and discipline to prevent fornication and pregnancy among unmarried adolescents (Maszlee, 1999).

The many factors and wide open opportunities which catalyze the social ill of pregnancy among unmarried adolescents need to be curbed. …

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