Academic journal article Asian Social Science

The Communication of a Religiousness Ritual of Toraja Ethnic South Sulawesi Indonesia through Ma'Badong Inheritance Media

Academic journal article Asian Social Science

The Communication of a Religiousness Ritual of Toraja Ethnic South Sulawesi Indonesia through Ma'Badong Inheritance Media

Article excerpt

Abstract

Ma'badong inheritance media, beside as Toraja's media in expresing their grief when there was a family member, kinfolk, neighbour, or a society member had passed away, but also had a function as an perpetuation of Toraja's society culture's value, because in fact Ma'badong inheritance media was not only utilized by the Toraja's society members as the Toraja's germinal, but also was utilized by Toraja's people who lived out of Toraja's region. Ma'badong became very popular because it was a last offices completeness as the main precept for Aluk Todolok's followers (native religion) within Toraja's society. It meant, even Toraja's society lived out of Toraja's area, however if there was its society member passed away, Ma'badong would still done as a togetherness form and a dedication expression from the living until died. Thus, the function of Ma'badong which was done by Toraja's people who lived out of the area would be fold, thus beside as a last office completeness, also as a culture unifier and perpetuation by Toraja's people.

Keywords: religious ritual communication, Toraja ethnic, Ma'badong

1. Introduction

Ma'badong (Note 1) was a dance which was followed by a grief song. The dance and song contained of grief rhyme where was done in the Toraja's last offices. Ma'badong dancing was done in group by making a big circle that was followed by a regular movement. The purpose of Ma'badong dancing was to give an admiration for them who passed away by revealing the goodness that was done when the dead was still alive. Pa'badong wore uniform, commonly in black and wore black sarong or Toraja's costume. In Ma'badong, all parts of Pa'badong members' body was also moved, such as moved the head to the front and back, the shoulder going forward-backward, both of the arm was swung together to the front and back, hand in hand, when sometimes the foot was kicked to the front and back by substitution. Based on that highlight, it could be firmed that the form of communication in the message delivering was compounding between verbal and nonverbal communication.

Ma'badong was done in the last offices moment on a wide field, it was in the middle of Lantang (Note 2) Pa'badong wore uniform, commonly black and wore a black sarong or Toraja's costume. The number of the dancers could reach until hundreds of people, because Ma'badong was opened for people who intended to extend their condolences, became a guest of the last offices who intended to participate Ma'badong would be allowed to participate by wearing free costume.

2. Ma'badong Procession

A large circle was made when Ma'badong for a moment narrowed by moving forward the Pa'badong's members, then again moving backward, escalating the circle and rotate each other so that they could turns their position, however they would not move among the other Pa'badong who were in the right and left side. The song rhyme which followed the Ma'badong dancing was the Pa'badong song, without the music offbeat. The played song was in Toraja language, in the form of rhyme (Kadong Badong) contained of the life history or life journey of the person who passed away, started from the newborn until died. Beside the life history rhyme, Ma'badong also contained with pray, in order that the death spirit could be accepted, saved and given the best place in the grave.

Commonly the Ma'badong activity was going on three days and three nights, and during the moment of the dead person's family continuously accepting guests from whether close family, close friends, or society members who intended to extend the condolences. Indeed for Toraja's people, if there was their family member who passed away, the corpse would not directly be graved but commonly they waited for the family connections that would come from the far resident. Therefore, commonly the Toraja's last offices was going on three days, however sometimes there were families who held the last offices that was going on five and seven days, or in the other words Ma'badong was going on in the variety of time appropriated with the Pa'badong pretension and the family's (Note 3) agreement. …

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