Academic journal article International Education Studies

The Development of Innovative Chemistry Learning Material for Bilingual Senior High School Students in Indonesia

Academic journal article International Education Studies

The Development of Innovative Chemistry Learning Material for Bilingual Senior High School Students in Indonesia

Article excerpt

Abstract

The development of innovative chemistry learning material for bilingual Senior High School (SHS) students in Indonesia is explained. The study is aimed to obtain an innovative chemistry learning material based on national curriculum in Indonesia to be used as a learning media in the teaching and learning activities. The learning material is developed by enhancing the chemistry topics to meet the requirement of a national curriculum followed by integration of laboratory experiments, learning media, and contextual application of the relevant chemistry topics. The material is then designed in printed and electronic bases. The performance of developed chemistry material is standardized to meet good quality learning material for class purposes. The results showed that the performance of developed chemistry materials is categorized as very good. The developed learning material is found effective to be used in teaching and learning process, and be able to motivate the students to learn chemistry. The facilities provided in the material are adequate to guide the student to study chemistry independently that make learning activities moving from teacher centre learning become students centre learning. Students achievements in experimental class (M = 83.0) is found higher than that with control class (M = 73.5), where both are significantly different. There is a positive correlation between the student's motivations with the student's achievement in chemistry subject, where the correlation in experimental class (R^sup 2^ = 0.711) is better than in control class (R^sup 2^ = 0.467).

Keywords: innovation, learning material, bilingual teaching, laboratory experiment

1. Introduction

The trend for bilingual teaching and learning of science with English as second language has increasingly implemented in many countries (Benson, 2004; Carstens, 2015; Catter, 2011; Purkarthofer & Mossakowski, 2011; Traore et al., 2008), including in Indonesia. Implementing bilingual teaching in Indonesia is designed to improve the quality of education delivery to provide competence human resources towards a competition in global era (Simatupang & Situmorang, 2013). The bilingual teachings are conducted both in Indonesian and English for special class which is known as "kelas unggulan" in selected schools. However, most of the schools are still using chemistry textbook that are published in Indonesian language, while the learning instructions are given in English. Therefore, it is needed to design a teaching and learning material for bilingual teaching to make the teaching activities effective and efficient. The learning material is needed to be written in English to meet the requirements stated in the national curriculum in Indonesia.

Innovation in teaching and learning activities is very interesting to discuss, as it is believed that implementation of the right teaching strategy would increase student's achievement in learning chemistry (M. Situmorang & A. Situmorang, 2014). Improving the quality of education could be performed through innovation in the teaching and learning materials. Standard chemistry learning materials for bilingual teaching is very important to be used in the teaching and learning activities in Indonesia. It could help the students to understand chemistry concept clearly, and make the learner free from students misconception on specific chemistry terms. Many SHS students consider chemistry as a difficult subject that make them not interested to study (Situmorang & Saragih, 2013; Situmorang et al., 2006). Therefore, innovation in teaching and learning chemistry has to be made to make the students are motivated to study chemistry. One of a strategy is conducted through the development of innovative chemistry learning material to obtain good teaching materials that suit to students' development in science bilingual class.

The aim of this study is to develop an innovative chemistry learning material for bilingual SHS students to meet the requirement of national curriculum in Indonesia. …

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