Academic journal article Journal of Sustainable Development

A Concept toward Decision Support for Collaborative Urban Heritage Selection

Academic journal article Journal of Sustainable Development

A Concept toward Decision Support for Collaborative Urban Heritage Selection

Article excerpt

Abstract

Decision making for collaborative urban heritage is very complicated due to the involvement of many parties with many goals and concerns. In such situation where the designer, project manager, facility manager and others are involved in choosing a single alternative from a set of solutions, a decision support is required to evaluate and rank the solution. This paper presents a conceptual model of decision support for collaborative urban heritage with three different conditions on adaptive value, economics value, and spatial value. The research objectives are to find a theoretical basis and research approach for decision support methodology and to develop a decision model for technical solution options. The methodology is started with theoretical approach through literature review to develop the model of collaborative criteria that is shared-understanding, best design achievement, and integration. It is also used to develop the model of urban heritage selection that is economic value, adaptive value, and spatial value. The model are then analyzed by using analytical hierarchy process (AHP) in order to find the best fit model of decision support for developing the urban heritage area. The result of the decision model is verified in a case study.

Keywords: decision support, urban heritage, collaborative, value

1. Background and Motivation

Urban heritage is becoming important value in urban development, where historical and cultural aspects within heritage value of the urban are preserved in order to increase the value of the urban itself (Utomo & Rahmawati, 2012). Some issues appear regarding to the failure as well as less concern in achieving this value. Developers had mostly concerned to achieve the economic value and abandon the heritage value in order to gain highest return (Zancheti & Hidaka, 2011). As a result of less concern to heritage value, the adaptive value in developing heritage area is being less concerned as well. Furthermore, due to the importance and additional value of heritage in the urban development, it is becoming essential value to be concerned in the design process of urban development. The design process of heritage urban development is becoming difficult.

The designers as well as the owners are facing the issues in concerning both economic value and heritage value, where some concepts are adaptable and some others are not. These difficulties able to be solved by involving some parties that has expertise not only in the property and/or building development, but also has capabilities in realizing the achievement of both economic and adaptive value in the urban development itself. The criteria of economic and adaptive had caused complex design. Complex designs need complex parties to be involved. Utomo et al (2014) had described that the involvement of multiple parties had added difficulties in design process, especially in the decision making process. Complex parties also caused complex issues, where it will be difficult to produce best fit design that are not only accepted by all parties but also can be used to achieve the value of economic and adaptive. Collaboration is an important endeavor that needs to be applied in multiple parties of decision making (Utomo & Rahmawati, 2014). It has ability in guiding the design process to achieve common goals through the achievement of best-fit mutual decisions. The concept of collaborative based decision making is needed in the design process of urban heritage development.

This research purposes to develop the concept of collaborative-based decision making in the multiple parties' design process of urban heritage development. The concept is first conceptually built by using literature study. Depth review on collaborative-based decision making researches is needed to find the criteria of collaboration. The review then continued to previous researches on economic, adaptive, and spatial value of urban heritage development. …

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