Academic journal article Journal of Sustainable Development

Study on Cross-Boundary Governance of Water Pollution in Huaihe River in China

Academic journal article Journal of Sustainable Development

Study on Cross-Boundary Governance of Water Pollution in Huaihe River in China

Article excerpt

Abstract

Governance of basin water pollution aims to break through contradictions between integrated river and divisibility of administrative divisions. It depends on the power of the government, the market and the public and constructs a network structure of governance with the major paths of intergovernmental cooperation, market regulation and public participation. It realizes cross-boundary governance of water pollution by means of design of the system and improvement of the mechanism. In the process of the current governance of water pollution in Huaihe River, problems exist at all the levels of inter-governmental cooperation and multi-participation of the market and the public. This paper embarks on the study of re-construction of the institutional framework of local inter-governmental cooperation, strengthening of cooperation between the government and market subjects in cross-boundary governance, reinforcement of participation of the public and non-governmental organizations and improvement of institutional arrangement of water resource law to construct and remodel the path of water pollution governance in Huaihe River.

Keywords: Huaihe River, basin water pollution, cross-boundary governance

1. Huaihe River Water Pollution Governance and Governance Theories

1.1 Summary of Huaihe River Basin

Huaihe River, called Huaishui in ancient times, has approximately an overall length of one thousand kilometers. It is one of the seven main valleys in China. Huaihe River basin strides across the five provinces of Henan, Hubei, Anhui, Jiangsu and Shandong. It embraces 36 municipal cities and 182 cities and towns, involving more than 170 million. Its population density occupies the top of the seven main valleys. The entire Huaihe River basin has an area of 270 thousand kilometers or so. Split by the Abandoned Huanghe River, the entire basin is divided into the two major river systems of Huaihe River and YiShiSihe River, respectively with an area of 190 thousand kilometers and 80 thousand kilometers. The following figure is the overview of Huaihe River basin. On the upper right side of the figure is the YiShiSihe River system constituted by Sihe River, Yihe River and Shuhe River. On the left side of the figure are the three main tributaries of Huaihe River, including Guohe River, Yinghe River and Shahe River. In the middle of the figure is the mainstream of Huaihe River.

Earlier since the beginning of the 90s in the 20th Century, with large-scale development of township enterprises along the Huaihe River, a large quantity of industrial sewage has been directly discharged into the river without any disposal, which has resulted in swift deterioration of the Huaihe River water. As a consequence, the domestic water of residents along the Huaihe River is directly influenced. A large part of fish and shrimp in the river vanish and incidence of cancer increases among residents in the areas along the river. Thus, the central government has, in succession, formulated programs of "the ninth Five-Year Plan", "the tenth Five-Year Plan", "the eleventh Five-Year Plan", and "the twelfth Five-Year Plan", and has made an accumulative investment of nearly 100 billion Yuan in construction of supporting facilities. After water pollution governance for two decades, until now, the water quality of Huaihe River has been improved. Nevertheless, considering the monitoring data in the past few years, the situation is still not optimistic. Let's take the monitoring data of June in 2014 as an example. According to the monitoring data offered by Huaihe River Water Conservancy Committee, the comprehensive water quality evaluation result of 36 trans-provincial rivers and 40 provincial cross sections of Huaihe River basin shows, there are four cross sections with category V of water that is polluted, accounting for 10% of the total cross sections; there are seven cross sections with category inferior V of water that is seriously polluted, accounting for 17. …

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