Academic journal article International Journal of English Linguistics

Comparative Analysis of Melodic Variation of Concession Clauses with Two or More Syntagms in English and Azerbaijani

Academic journal article International Journal of English Linguistics

Comparative Analysis of Melodic Variation of Concession Clauses with Two or More Syntagms in English and Azerbaijani

Article excerpt

Abstract

The article is devoted to the problem of comparative analysis of melodic variation of concession clauses with two or more syntagms in English and Azerbaijani. The research has been done on the basis of comparative-typological and experimental-phonetic methods, as both of the languages belong to different language families and they have different language systems. A lot of sentences from both languages have been chosen to carry out the experiment. A great attention has been paid to the sentences with two-syntagms and three-syntagms depending on the purpose of the research. After getting the results of experiment, the part of material belonging to English has been compared with the part that belongs to Azerbaijani. For this purpose PRAAT computer program has been used.

Keywords: variation, concession, melody, acoustic, parameters, intonation, communication

1. Introduction

Application of experimental-phonetic method in learning the sentence intonation gives an opportunity to express certain ideas about its characteristic features and to describe it visually. The prosodic structure of a sentence is formed on the combination of acoustic parameters, such as the development of the tone, the strength of the voice, the development of the pronunciation speed, tembre and pause. Acoustic characteristic of intonation is formed by the frequency, the vibration amplitude of vocal cords, muscle strenght of speech organs and different pronunciation timbers.

2. Scope of the Study

In modern linguistics experimental or experimental-phonetic methods play an important role. Thanks to experimental research works there were found links between grammar and phonetics. So, the topic of the article being directly connected with grammar and phonetics, we have had to look through different viewpoints of specialists. One of the Russian linguists Peshkovskiy in his researches expressed his attitude to the relationship between syntactic constructions and intonation. From his viewpoint intonation is a helping syntactic means. It is evident that in linguistics, the thought "intonation and grammatical means compensate each-other in the formation of a sentence" belongs just to him. He writes:

"The more clearly any syntactic meaning is expressed, the weaker its expression by means of intonation can be, and visa-versa, when the intonation expression is stronger, the grammatical expression becomes weaker." (Peshkovskiy, 1960).

According to Scherba the syntax of communicative aspect consists of the absolute presence of the use of intonation in the formation of a sentence (Scherba, 1974). In this research Scherba's theoretical proposition "the intonation is a complex phonetic phenomenon and it is in close connection with syntactic constructions" has been referred to.

In the article intonation characteristics of a sentence is said to be closely connected with its semantic-syntactic structure. The most successful way of deterining similar and different intonation characteristics of compared concession clauses with two or more syntagms in English and Azerbaijani is carrying out an experimental-phonetic research, taking into consideration the semantic-syntactic structure and stylistic characteristic of the same sentence types. The syntagmatic structure of a sentence is very important in the analysis of intonation characteristics of a sentence. It is also of great importance if a sentence is one-syntagm or multi-syntagms, if a syntagm is used in pre- or post position, if a syntagm is complete from semantic poin of view and so on.

In Post-Soviet linguistics Scherba's viewpoints of syntagm as a main intonation unit are spread widely. The interpretation of a syntagm as a semantic-syntactic-phonetic unit belongs to him. The mutual influence of intonation and syntactic units in the research of prosodic features of utterance should be paid a special attention. In this case to determine some centers of sentence bearing meaning is a very important matter. …

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