Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Modeling of Skeet Shooting Technique with Using of Simulation Exercises

Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Modeling of Skeet Shooting Technique with Using of Simulation Exercises

Article excerpt

Introduction

According to the analysis of the scientific and technical library resources, now there is a need to develop new ways to develop shooting technique to improve the outcome of the shot since technical mastery is considered to be one of the most important components for high sports results [1, 2, 10, 18, 19, 22, etc.].

The main components of technical conditioning include simulation exercises, which are used as a training method based on the performance of techniques without the use of cartridges and targets. In this connection, improving shooting technique should be implemented not only by increasing the number of shots, but using simulation exercises or "dry shooting". And this is preferably carried out with the use of technical means (special equipment).

The experts have examined the application of technical means and development of relevant models [4, 9, 11, 14, 20, 22, etc.]. It has been revealed that the trainer devices are widely used as a means of intensification and specification of motor skills improvement, differentiated development of structures and improvement of exercise performance techniques [3]. In particular, simulators for simulating firing: SCATT and Noptel have become widespread in the training process of shooting [25]. They make it possible to identify such indices of technology as arms oscillation in the final phase of the shot, the velocity of projection of arms in the aiming period, and runtime shot stability. These indices, according to many experts are crucial to the implementation of well-aimed shot [10, 21, 23, 24, etc.].

At the same time it was found that during the preparation period of the trap shooters the technical means are used insufficiently [5, 16, 17, 19, etc.]. As the analysis of scientific and methodical literature shows only at the beginning of 2000 scientists formulated the concept of shooting sports. So, V. T. Pyatkov notes that shooting sport is a sphere of human activity, the function of which is to develop knowledge and skills in marksmanship at targets in competitive conditions with rifled, smooth-bore handguns and projectile arms. The very technical and tactical actions are considered as the most important specific manifestation of training and competitive shooting sports activities as well as self-reflexive and self-control analysis [17].

It was determined that the basic technical and tactical elements in shotgun shooting at the skeet are: the shooter's preparedness, command for the target flight, the rifle lifting and handling, aiming and pressing the trigger. The last element is performed in the background of complete rifle handling [12, 13, 16 etc.].

We conducted a preliminary analysis that allows to state that today an important search for different ways to improve the training of shooters is urgent. More complex exercise conditions, due to new regulations, needs increase in training to achieve a high output (maximum number of hit targets) [6, 7].

Therefore, shooting technique improvement should be implemented not only by increasing the number of shots but using simulation exercises. According to the experts [5, 8, 16] most of the training time with shooters must be paid to these exercises to create temporary nerve connections that continue to determine the presence of stable conditioned reflex to external stimuli. Of particular importance it is at the initial stage of learning when you should create the correct primary shooting skills. However, with increasing skill level the importance of "blank shots" training is not reduced.

Thus, the modeling of technique of competitive Olympic exercises at the skeet using simulation exercises for training trap shooters is an actual scientific problem of shooting sports theory and practice.

The research connection with academic programs, plans, themes.

The work is carried out under the Scientific and Research Department (SRD) topics 2.17 "Modeling of biomechanical systems in complex coordinating sports" as a part of consolidated plan of research work in the field of sport for 2011 - 2015 (state registration number 0111 U 006473). …

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