Academic journal article Asian Social Science

The Relationship between Coping Skills with Social Maturity and Adjustment of Female First Graders in High School: A Case Study in Iran

Academic journal article Asian Social Science

The Relationship between Coping Skills with Social Maturity and Adjustment of Female First Graders in High School: A Case Study in Iran

Article excerpt

1. Introduction

Adolescence is a period between childhood and adulthood. Hall (1916) states that adolescence is an important transitional period in human life and an adolescent feels a lot of diversified emotions. This period in life makes adolescents oscillate between contradictory tendencies. Exuberant gaiety and euphoria replace with depressive gloom rapidly (Shoarinejad, 2009). The changes rose based on mutual interactions with other people, social conditions and organizing can be called social maturity. In other words, the changes and progresses include those from birth to death in social behavior, feelings, tendencies, and values. The measurement criteria of social maturity are adjustment with others. Social maturity is effective not only on adjustment with others; it is also effective on academic success, job progress, spouse selection and marital life satisfaction and improvement of social dignity (Lotfabadi, 2011). In other words, social maturity is called learning form relying upon adjustment with society and cultural environment. A child can collaborate with others and promotes its ability regarding self-expression and becomes to defend its benefits as a definite person (Rahnama, 2001).

According to Karen Horney, adjustment of normal behavior or non-adjustment is dependent upon the relationship of parents and children. If a person feels love, security then he/she can grow as normal. If a person is loved, tolerates many problems in future. Insecurity leads to resorting to the methods increasing internal distress (Panahi, 2014). Regarding adjustment and non-adjustment, McDonald believes that a person is adjusted as he learns to respond with environment.

In recent years, considering coping skills in social maturity and adjustment has received much attention and it is shown that using effective coping skills plays an important role in social maturity and adjustment (Mousavi et al., 2011). Coping skills refers to the methods to deal with issues consciously, so that in this regard problem solving ability is created and one's psychological capacity for successful passing of critical conditions and mental crises boosts (Farokhzadian, 2012). According to Lazarus and Folkman, coping refers to the process of demand management (external or internal). They believe that coping includes efforts of mental action to manage and control environmental, internal demands and relevant conflicts (Aslani, 2014). The coping skills to life changes and relevant tensions of these changes are different in people based on different condition. Coping skills are a set of cognitive and behavioral efforts made to master, tolerate, or reduce stressful conditions (Samuei, 2006).

One of the coping skills, ignored by most people, is useful application of supportive systems (i.e. friends, relatives). These systems help by various methods to cope up with stressful events of life. Thus, you should evaluate your supportive systems and learn how these systems can be useful. Also, you can think about an effective supportive system. The research studies have shown that the people with good social support are optimistic to their lives. Other studies have shown that these people have good supportive systems to cope up with depression and adjustment with supportive systems and they might be predisposed to diseases physiological stress by a lower chance (Aslani, 2014). Social development is one of the concepts with close relationship with the life style of people in a society and its objective dimensions mostly is related to increase of public life level via creating good conditions in poverty eradication, nutrition, health, employment, and training and leisure time. Thus, social development attempts to improve social condition of people in a society and to fulfill such improvement, the extra behavioral models are changed and a good belief and ideal is considered to respond to the social problems (Panahi, 2014).

Adjustment is a logical behavior of health and power, as a person is adapted to new situations and inexperienced conditions, gains high power and self-confidence (Lotfi, 2011). …

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