Academic journal article Asian Social Science

The Empirical Research on Independent Innovation Competencies of Enterprise R&D Departments

Academic journal article Asian Social Science

The Empirical Research on Independent Innovation Competencies of Enterprise R&D Departments

Article excerpt

(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)

1. Introduction

ERDD are not only the main strength of enterprise' independent innovation, but also an important part of regional innovation system. The quantity and quality of ERDD not only determines the enterprises' competencies of independent innovation, but also regional innovation ability, in a great extent, even the country's innovation ability. Many countries and enterprises pay more attention to the construction of high-level R&D departments, regard them as the strategic move to master the core technologies, maintain the competitive advantages and achieve sustainable development. There are some typical high-level ERDD, such as Bell laboratory in communication industry, DuPont laboratory in chemical industry, Intel laboratory in IT industry, Microsoft Research Institute and other research institutions. The successful construction of the high-quality ERDD provides new products and new technologies for the global markets and builds an unique competitive advantage for the enterprises, even becomes the backbone of the national core competitiveness. Therefore, it is critical to evaluate the competencies of independent innovation of ERDD under the constraints of new economic and technical variables in China. However, the current studies on the independent innovation competencies of ERDD are concentrated more on the R&D input intensity, the R&D financing and policy supporting, but less on the evaluation. In view of these deficiencies, some beneficial explorations are carried out in this paper.

2. Present Actuality and Review of Domestic and Foreign Studies

So few achievements of the independent innovation competencies of ERDD have been gained and consensus has not been reached. At present, researches of domestic and overseas scholars about the evaluation of innovation competencies of ERDD are mainly concentrated on two aspects: how to establish the evaluation index system and how to choose evaluation method.

There are some typical studies. Foreign scholars analyzed the influence of foreign ERDD on Chinese native enterprises' organization management, policy and other aspects, then put forward to construct innovation competencies evaluation index from three aspects, including transformation of technology, organization management and policy support (Zedtwitz & Maximilian, 2004). Researchers also supported using 4 indicators: the R&D input, number of patent applications, patents being cited and new products released, evaluated the innovation competencies of R&D departments through the analysis of the 1200 international companies chose from 4 high-tech industries (Hagedoom & Cloodt, 2003). The innovation competencies evaluation model of software industry can be structured from the enterprise capacity, output and performance (Edison, Ali, & Torkar, 2013). Thirteen indexes were selected from several aspects, including the research and development ability, mechanism and system and the work performance, then, fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method was used to evaluate the innovation competencies of ERDD (Sun, 2008). Chinese scholars selected 17 indexes from the innovation ability of input, investment carrier, output and environment to construct the measurement index system, calculated and compared the innovation competencies of R&D departments in 31 regions of China with the osculating value method (Liu, Sun, Tao, & Wu, 2008). Recently, large and medium-sized industrial ERDD in various provinces and cities nationwide had been taken as research objects and the index system of evaluating competitiveness was constructed from the innovation input, innovation implementation, innovation environment and innovation output, then measured by factor analysis method (Xia & Li, 2014).

Some conclusions can be summarized according to above presentation. The theory researches about the evaluation of innovation competencies of ERDD emphasize large and medium-sized enterprises rather than small and micro-sized enterprises, construct the static index rather than dynamic change of enterprise innovation competencies. …

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