Academic journal article English Language Teaching

A Metafunctional Analysis of the News "ROK, DPRK Agree to Defuse Tension after Talks" on China Daily

Academic journal article English Language Teaching

A Metafunctional Analysis of the News "ROK, DPRK Agree to Defuse Tension after Talks" on China Daily

Article excerpt

1. Introduction

With the advent of 21st century, information globalization enables the Internet to develop rapidly. Internet has become one of the news media nowadays. Convenience, rapidity and accuracy of internet news have been accepted by the audience worldwide. Since 1980s, English media has been gradually internationalizing, which has exerted great impact on Chinese news media, internet in particular. Due to the English dominant situation in the world, China is developing its English media, especially English network news. English network news is one of the media in Chinese publicity to foreigners, the window for foreigners to learn about China. Thus, English networks news plays a vital role in the process of understanding China.

Being a special text, English network news has its unique features. It is necessary that we should study the features of English network news. Based on the three metafunctions put forward by Halliday (Halliday, 2000) in his famous book An Introduction to Functional Grammar , the paper selects one piece of news named "ROK, DPRK Agree to Defuse Tension after Talks" on China Daily (August 25, 2015) as corpus to make an analysis from the perspective of experiential, interpersonal and textual function.

2. Literature Review

Scholars both in China and abroad conduct relevant researches on English network news from different perspectives. In foreign countries, Van Dijk (1988a) makes an analysis of 700 pieces of news report on 138 newspapers from 99 countries and he draws the conclusion that news schemata and macro-rules will have great impact on news discourse analysis.

Van Dijk (1998b) does a systematic study of structure, composition and acceptance of news. He makes an assumption that news discourse has a standard structure or news schemata to organize news report: the beginning is the well-known headline and lead-they comprise the higher conclusion categories such as event, pre-event, background, history and comment. He stresses the fact that news composition is, to some extent, a form of discourse process in which a journalist uses original text to compose news report.

In China, many scholars conduct research on news text from different perspectives. Based on a theoretical discussion and the steps of discourse analysis, Shan Sheng-jiang (2011) makes an analysis of news discourse from the perspective of critical discourse analysis and illustrates it with news discourse analysis. He also points out the issues that need to be paid attention to in order to enhance the quality of news discourse analysis.

Xin Bin (2008) makes a comparison of reporting verbs in news discourse in English and Chinese. He deems that analysis of reporting verbs in news discourse surpasses traditional limitation. The focus has been shifted from the direct speech to indirect speech in terms of discourse and pragmatics. The quality and function of reporting speech varies from the genre of the discourse.

Sun Yumei and Sun Zhixiang (2009) give a critically comparative analysis of English news discourse and its Chinese version, using transitivity, with the purpose of revealing the ideological diversity caused by translator during the process of news translation.

Xu Wenyu (2010) makes an analysis of the differences among sentence beginning, sentence cohesion, argumentative tool and textual development mode. He explores the reason that causes the difference, which helps English learner to understand the difference between Chinese and English text in respect of ideology and expression mode.

Based on intertextuality, Lin Gang and Qiu Xuemei (2010) conduct a study on the non-linear feature of network news discourse. They maintain that network news discourse differs from traditional news discourse in non-linear communication, which enables news discourse be filled with intertextuality. The application of hyperlink technology in network news discourse triggers a lot of relevance, making intertextuality be actually realized from original concept. …

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