Academic journal article Journal of Contemporary Athletics

Motivation of Volunteers in College Sports: Gender and Employment Comparison among College Students

Academic journal article Journal of Contemporary Athletics

Motivation of Volunteers in College Sports: Gender and Employment Comparison among College Students

Article excerpt

INTRODUCTION

Volunteerism is an important issue for many colleges, professional sport organizations, and international sport organizations (Chelladurai, 2006; Chelladurai and Madella, 2006; Cravens, 2006) and a major source of the labor in U.S. (Boraas, 2003). Specifically, Taniguchi (2006) emphasized that "college students are a major source of adult volunteering." According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (2010), about 63 million US citizen (27% of US population) worked for an organization at least once between September 2008 and September 2009 as a volunteer (26% volunteer rate). Volunteerism has increased to more than 2 million volunteers since September 2007. For example, over 80,000 volunteers are involved in more than 30 tournaments in the Professional Golf Association alone. Based on this, it is assumed that volunteers are the need and importance of the successful operation of sporting events (Green and Chalip, 1998; Hardin, Koo, King and Zdriok, 2007; Strigas and Jackson, 2003). Due to the importance of the volunteer's role in sporting events, the organizations and volunteers have to function as a part of the team with specific responsibilities and duties. Therefore, not only do sporting organizations expand the quality and diversity of service to their customers with volunteer workers (Cnaan and Goldberg-Glen, 1991, p. 270), they also are able to save on expenses as well as more accurately plan for future budget (Pauline and Pauline, 2009; Ziemek, 2006).

Volunteering can be beneficial to individuals who are looking to gain experience and understanding in a particular profession. Individuals are able to develop friendships and acquire skills through their volunteer experiences (Cleave and Doherty, 2005). Clary et al. (1998) suggested that volunteers seek out opportunities to help others. Opportunities sought are those which fit with the volunteer's own personal needs. This motivates the volunteer to put forth a considerable amount of time to both short term and long term relationships Moreover, volunteerism is unpaid support provided in an organized manner to parties whom the workers has no responsibility (Wilson and Musick, 1997). However, volunteers still need to interact with paid staff as a team with specific responsibilities and duties (Pauline and Pauline, 2009). Since volunteer services are as large as the spectrum of human needs, volunteers can be found in such diverse areas as art, youth or special service, health care, welfare, sports and recreation (Wang, 2004). As volunteers have become an important factor (Pauline and Pauline, 2009) in national and international sporting events, not surprisingly, many research topics relating to volunteerism and commitment have been talked and researched (Boraas, 2003; Chelladurai, 2006; Cuskelly, McIntyre, and Boag, 1998; Cunningham, Sagas, Dixon, Kent, and Turner, 2005; Green and Chalip, 1998; Costa, Chalip, Green, and Simes, 2006; Hardin et al., 2007; Kim, Chelladurai, and Trail, 2007; Kim, Trail, Lim, and Kim, 2009; Strigas and Jackson, 2003).

In addition, volunteerism can help students gain the experience and the knowledge when they apply for any positions in their fields. In addition, since many experiences are required in sports job markets, volunteering for any athletic department or athletic organization may be a great way to gain knowledge of the sports area. Due to the competitive career field in sports, individuals seeking jobs in this area have much more to overcome than individuals in other career fields. Gaining knowledge through volunteering allow these individuals to better compete with others. Holly (1999) stated that it is important to know that most companies require at least two years of previous experience specific to the job advertised. For example, a candidate in sport marketing and sales positions needs to have at least 2 to 5 years previous experience according to Bae and Miller (2008).

There are two primary ways to become involved in volunteering: for the individual interested in volunteering to approach the organization or to have the organization approach that individual (Boraas, 2003). …

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.