Academic journal article Geopolitics, History and International Relations

The Resources and the Main Touristic Destinations in the North-Eastern Developing Region of Romania

Academic journal article Geopolitics, History and International Relations

The Resources and the Main Touristic Destinations in the North-Eastern Developing Region of Romania

Article excerpt

With a surface of 36,850 square km (15.46% of the entire surface of the country), the North-Eastern Region of development, the largest Romanian region of development, groups around 6 counties: Bacäu, Botoçani, Neam(, Ia§i, Suceava and Vaslui. (fig. 1) The population of the region is consisting of 3,734,546 inhabitants, a value which represents 17.25% of the Romanian population and the density of the population representing 101.3 inhabitants/square km. From a total of the region's population, 56.6% lives in the rural environment.

The traditions and customs still existing in this area bring an element of surprise and dazzle many of the foreign visitors (Cândea et al, 2003). Benefiting by a rich historical, cultural and spiritual tradition, the region combines harmoniously the traditional with the modern as well as the past with the present, its potential being easily used to encourage the development of the infrastructure, of the rural areas, of tourism and of human resources (Bältärefii et al, 2008). A specific feature represents the way Romanians appreciate the historical region of Moldavia, nowadays the North-Eastern Development Region, as being a rich area of cultural traditions.Many of the Romanian poets, writers and artists are originary from Moldavia, for example the historian Nicolae Iorga, the composer George Enescu or the national poet Mihai Eminescu (Iatu and Bulai, 2011).

Moldavia is a region abundant in authentic cultural traditions, unfortunately almost unknown outside the borders of Romania. There are museums in almost all the main cities in the region and, sometimes, even in the village area.Some of these keep records of ancient times: the Neolithic age, the Geto and pre-Roman age and others display exponents which exemplify the traditions and the culture of the area. These are completed by memorial houses, art galleries, antiquity shops or exhibition in the each of the major cities. The region lives intensively from a cultural and artistic point of view in every season of the year through festivals, classical concerts, pop, dance and rock. The theatre and the theatrical festivals play a very important role in the life of this region. Another point of attraction would be the rural festivals (Ielenicz et al, 2006).

Some of the traditional customs are religious feasts which designate the rural life in the entire region and others are local activities. On these lands traditional crafts transmitted from generation to generation are kept and the specific products are accomplished by using old technics. The manufacture of costumes and of folk masks, pottery, tissuing, the art of manufacturing the wood are just some of the old traditional customs. The Moldavian cuisine and the painted eggs represent another point of attraction specific to the area. The North-Eastern region of development has a great number of touristic offers, and everyone who is a visitor of this area love and appreciate that it hasn't been excesively affected by the agrarian and industrial pollution (Muntean et al., 2010).

1. Natural Touristic Resources

The region has a varied relief, harmoniously combined, in which 30% are mountains, 30% Sub-Carpathian relief and 40% is represented by the plateaus.The region consists also of areas with hills and plains, (fig. 2)

The mountain unity is part of the Oriental Carpathains chain, the maximum altitude is of 1907 metres in the Ceahlàu Mountains (Ocolaçul Mare crest) in Neamt and the minimum altitude is of less than 100 metres on the Valley of the Prut (Pop, 2000).

The hydrographic resources are abundent and are represented by rivers, lakes and underground waters. The running waters are composed of Siret, Prut, Jijia, Moldova, Bistri(a together with their confluents. The mineral waters are regarded as bicarbonated, sulphurated, calcic. The streams are being used as well in the internal as well as in the external treatment, but with much better result in the rheumatic treatment. …

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