Academic journal article Geopolitics, History and International Relations

Aspects concerning the Technical-Urbanist Facilities in the Urban Environment in the Post-Communist Period. Case Study: Fetesti Municipality

Academic journal article Geopolitics, History and International Relations

Aspects concerning the Technical-Urbanist Facilities in the Urban Environment in the Post-Communist Period. Case Study: Fetesti Municipality

Article excerpt

Introduction

There are 320 cities in Romania, of which 104 are municipalities. The municipality is a city which usually exceeds a certain number of inhabitants and effectuates some urbanization conditions and important economical, social, political or cultural functions (Suditu et al, 2010). There is only one county in Romania which has not got in its componence a city with municipality function - Ilfov county (Ianos and Vläsceanu, 1998).

In the post December 1989 period, Romania's cities have suffered serious dislocation on socio-economical plan, determined by the economical modifications but also by the demographical ones, which appeared at a national level in Romania. The main phenomenon which led to changes in the socio-economical structure of the Romanian cities is the urban rustication, the lack of facilities in many small cities, the lack of industrialization. All these led to changes in the technical-urbanist facilities in the urban environment (Erdeli and Cucu, 2005).

Fetesti municipality is a city which holds around 30000 inhabitants (2012), situated in the South part of Romania, in the Ialomita county, on the left river of Danube (Borcea channel), having as components Fetesti-Garä (Station), Buliga, Vlasca. In spite of the fact that this municipality holds a strategic position, being an important communication point (the railway, the A2 highway, the bridge Fetesti-Cernavodä over Danube), (Bàncilà and Petiek, 2009), still, the economy is in continuous depreciation, which influences the urbanist facilities of the city (Cândea, Bran, 2001).

Technical and Urbanist Facilities in the Fetesti Municipality

The development of the infrastructure must be a priority in elaborating each strategy of local expansion, especially when it is considered to be a constant element, both on a regional and national level. The considerable influence of the development amount in the infrastructure (technical and urbanist, transportation and public services) over the inhabitants level of living and over the economical development claims that the current problems in the municipality to be resolved. The development of the infrastructure in Fetesti municipality has as goals both the improvement of the urban infrastructure efficiency (roads, facilities) and the amelioration of public services (transportation, green spaces, recreation areas) and indirectly, the elimination of obstacles which block the economic, spatial and social development (Ianos, 2000).

1. The distribution network of the potable water

Fete§ti municipality disposes nowadays of a distribution network of potable water which serves 95% of its population. In 2012, a quantity of 1127 cm potable water has been distributed, of which 80.6% representing domestic consume. Reported to the number of consumers, 26,4cm of water have been distributed per inhabitant. Between 2002 and 2012, the volume of distributed water has been continuously decreasing, from 1791 thousands cm in 2000, up to 1127 thousands cm in 2012, representing a decline of around 37% in the distributed water volume. The volume of distributed water concerning the domestic consumers aligns itself in the same descendent line, in 2012, when the decrease was of 38.2% in relation to 2000. In order to provide the potable water there has to be mentioned RAJA SA. By the end of 2012, a number of 8190 extensions were registered at the potable water network.

The main issues in providing this service consisted in: Malfunctions between the capacity of water sources and the quantity of water prevailed from it, which leads to the rise of water quantities necessary for the potable water consuming in the domestic and public use; Water losses in the distribution water system, due mostly to the defective street pipes; The street water networks is of 54.5% as opposed to the street plan within the municipality;

Feteçti municipality is associated to ADI Water-Channel RAJA Constanta, founded in 2008 with the purpose to develop projects which concern the infrastructure. …

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