Academic journal article Review of European Studies

Development a Basic Model of the Innovation System

Academic journal article Review of European Studies

Development a Basic Model of the Innovation System

Article excerpt

1. Introduction

Russia in modern conditions is in the process of finding the optimal strategy for socio-economic development of the country. Neither the government nor the society is satisfied with inertial prosperity provided by world prices for commodities. Russia's WTO accession significantly increased risks and uncertainty about the future development of the domestic economy. Thus, in today's globalizing world, the construction of innovation systems (IS) becomes a necessity, as evidenced by both scientists and statesmen. Despite the successful implementation of IS models in many foreign countries, in Russia the problem is becoming more and more urgent.

2. Literature Review

Nelson (1993), Freeman (1995) and Lundvall (2000) can be considered as the founder of the theory of national innovation systems. Framework conditions of the development of a new theory include linear model of innovation; works by V. L. Makarov and other scientists appealing to the knowledge-based society (Makarov, 2003); study of the triple helix (Etzkowitz, 2010). These authors and their followers, including a large number of Russian scientists (Gohberg, 2003; Granberg & Valentey, 2006; Zhiharev, 2011; Ivanova, 2005; Postalyuk, 2006; Tatarkin, 2005, etc.) have contributed to the defining, structuring of the innovative system, the development of methodological research platform for innovation processes, as well as specific mechanisms and tools to increase the effectiveness of innovation.

3. Theoretical framework

The issue of creating a basic model of the innovation system, the use of which would ensure the effectiveness of its implementation in the country's economy remains unsolved. Under the basic innovation system we mean a system that includes all the necessary basic elements and links between them to ensure obtaining the synergistic effects. Taking into account the fact that the implementation of the concept of the innovation system into the economy of some countries, including Russia, does not give a positive result, we concluded that solution of the problem lies in ensuring coherence of the structural elements.

In this context, the aim of this article is to identify the disadvantages of traditional approaches to the construction of the innovation system and to develop the base model for the introduction into the Russian economy.

4. Method

As a methodological basis of research at different stages, depending on the nature of tasks, the method of system analysis was used. The methods of analysis and synthesis, induction and deduction, comparative, historical, retrospective analysis and benchmarking, as well as the interviewing techniques were applied in the course of the study.

In our opinion, the answer to the question of how to build an innovative system which models, mechanisms and instruments should be developed to start the innovation process depends on the methodological approach. The representatives of the national science support the view that the conceptual framework of the economic theory must be radically reformed. In this regard, a set of paradigms of economic theory in general consisting of neoclassical, institutional and evolutionary paradigms, at the macro level has been supplemented by the system paradigm. Among the variety of economic systems the study of innovation systems becomes increasingly important. Foreign researchers believe that the innovative system can be viewed from different perspectives (Carlsson et al., 2002). First of all, they speak of the innovation system in its territorial manifestation. The boundaries of the innovation system, as a rule, coincide with national or regional boundaries.

In our study we will adhere to the viewpoint of S. Y. Glazyev, considering an innovative system as a result of the interaction of three main elements: the innovator, the organization and the external environment (Glazyev, 1993). Thus, the first element includes an individual, production factors involved in the development of innovations and personnel. …

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