Academic journal article Library Philosophy and Practice

Indian Research Contributions in the Aquaculture Journal during 1972 - 2011: A Scientometric Study

Academic journal article Library Philosophy and Practice

Indian Research Contributions in the Aquaculture Journal during 1972 - 2011: A Scientometric Study

Article excerpt

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1. Introduction

The potential of fisheries sector in providing quality food and nutrition, creating employment to rural livelihoods, advancing socio-economic development in the rural and far flung areas is widely demonstrated and globally recognised as a powerful tool for poverty reduction and fostering rural development. Annual fish production reached the level of 8.30 million tonnes during 2010 -11 (P). Annual export earning crossed US $ 2.9 billion mark contributing about 17 per cent to national agricultural export. About 14.5 million people are engaged in fishing, aquaculture and other allied activities of which about 75 per cent are in inland fisheries and the remaining in marine fisheries (Planning Commission, 2013)14. The fisheries sector contributed 0.7 per cent of total GDP at factor cost and 5.0 per cent of GDP at factor cost from agriculture, forestry and fishing in the year 2010 - 11 (QE) (Department of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Finance, GOI, 2012)3. World aquaculture production of fish, crustaceans, molluscs, etc was estimated at 66.63 million tonnes worth 137.73 billion US Dollars. India is the 2nd largest producer of fish in the world with 4.21 million tonnes worth of 9.25 million US Dollars and a share of 6.32% of the total fish production world wide (FAO, 2014)7.

Aquaculture is the farming of aquatic organisms including fish, molluscs, crustaceans and aquatic plants (FAO, 2014)7. Aquaculture production is potentially important and economically valuable worldwide. India and many other South East Asian countries continue to be very much concerned with the development of methods for increasing aquaculture production. India stands second in inland fish production, next only to China.

Scientometrics is the study of measuring and analysing science research. In practice, scientometrics is often done using bibliometrics which is a measurement of the impact of (scientific) publications. We measured the research publications Indian scientists in the Aquaculture, an international peer-reviewed journal. .

2. Source Journal

Aquaculture (ISSN: 0044-8486) is an international journal for the exploration, improvement and management of all freshwater and marine food resources. It publishes novel and innovative research of world-wide interest on farming of aquatic organisms, which includes finfish, mollusks, crustaceans and aquatic plants for human consumption. Research on ornamental fishes is not a focus of the Journal. This journal was started in 1972 by Elsevier Science, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Aquaculture publishes papers with a clear relevance to improving aquaculture practices or a potential application only. The articles published in this journal are indexed in Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Abstracts, BIOSIS, Elsevier BIOBASE, Current Contents/Agriculture, Biology & Environmental Sciences, Marine Science Contents Tables, Freshwater and Aquaculture Contents Tables, GEOBASE, Scopus and EMBiology. It covers original articles, review articles, short communications, supplements, brief technical notes, abstracts, conference proceedings, and book reviews. The impact factor of the journal is 1.828.

3. Review of Literature

Few studies were carried out in the field of fisheries in world, at regional and country levels. Among these studies, Kanakaraj and Esmail (2014)11 analysed world aquaculture research productivity based on Web of Science database and found out Chinese Academy of Sciences, University of Stirling and Fisheries & Ocean Canada as the most productive institutions. Kumaresan et al (2014)12 studied the global literature productivity on WSSV based on Web of Science databases and inferred China as the top literature productive country, followed by India. Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing stood first place followed by National Taiwan University, Taipei. C. F. Lo contributed more literature on WSSV. …

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