Academic journal article Review of European Studies

Topology of Human Environment: Realistic and Futurological Evolution Modeling Based on the Transdisciplinary Methodology

Academic journal article Review of European Studies

Topology of Human Environment: Realistic and Futurological Evolution Modeling Based on the Transdisciplinary Methodology

Article excerpt

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1. Introduction

Human environment, in our opinion, can be described from the standpoint of its topology, making it possible to identify more or less clearly the reference forms of the "environment" for human existence.

Therefore, the topology of human environment is a methodology for defining and describing the forms of the space of his activities, his human representation, but not just the species existence. In this case the space is understood within clear or fuzzy boundaries and meanings; it is constructed categorially according to the boundaries of the subject of scientific focus. To start such scientific research it is necessary to have a synthetic interdisciplinary construct of the topology content, and such its basic elements as topos and locus. The first problem which is immediately identified in this case lies in different understandings of the space of human life and activities; it is associated with its complexity reflected in the sociality, subjectness (of the activity), existential content, but not only with biologically-specific presence in the environment. We are primarily interested in the methodology with regard to the construction of topological concepts without taking into account the subject matter of their application. It is the methodology of scientific theorizing that should form the basis of the universalist model with just minor specific adjustments applicable to this or that problem.

Based on this methodology, we can consider the space of human environment in terms of system, structure, hierarchy, multidimensionality and their time-to-time variability, representing all these schematically in the most general topological models. The main thing here is an illustration of sustainable forms of the organization of the multidimensional space of human environment, including physical, biological, social, cultural and other characteristics, which are described by branches of science which are distant enough from each other. In this case, when speaking about a person, we mean all his subject-activity complexity and also the scope of the ontology in the natural world and the world objectified by him. Geometrically the forms represent the figures as the abstractions illustrating their specific properties. H. Poincaré wrote that figures first of all make up for the infirmity of our intellect by calling on the aid of our senses; the proportions may be grossly altered, but the relative positions of the different parts must not be upset. Therefore, the use of figures is, above all, then, for the purpose of making known certain relations between the objects that we study (??a?κape, 1972, p. 458). We can read the analysis of Papers on Topology written by J. Stillwell (Papers on Topology, 2009).

2. Research Methodology

Claiming to the creation of an interdisciplinary topological model of human environment, we think it is necessary to find out how the topological concept is reflected in the socio-humanitarian knowledge which today tends to use natural science and other similar preliminary studies that were non-typical to it earlier. T.?. Maκo?o? (2012, p. 167) notes: "Updated introduction of the concepts of space, field, spatial imagination, topology to the socio-philosophical discourse makes it possible to consider spatial, social and historical as evenly equivalent prospects".

For example, the tradition of using the concept of topos for the analysis of sustained stable forms of specifically understood space (language, text, literary work) was formed in Philology and Literary studies. E.R. Curcius (1997) was the most famous scientist, who introduced into scientific use in this area the concept of topos; the scientist defines them as stable forms of thought and its expression that capture phrases, expressions, formula, quotes, etc. Bachem (1955), Bornscheuer (1976), Grübel (1989), Lausberg (1973) and Schmidt-Biggeman (1983) continued the work in this area. …

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